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BACKGROUND Disturbances of autonomic function are recognised in both the acute and convalescent phases of myocardial infarction. Recent studies have suggested that disordered autonomic function, particularly the loss of protective vagal reflexes, is associated with an increased incidence of arrhythmic deaths. The purpose of this study was to compare the(More)
Heart rate (HR) variability index and left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) were compared for the prediction of all-cause mortality, arrhythmic events and sudden death in 385 survivors of acute myocardial infarction. For arrhythmic events, where, for a sensitivity of 75%, HR variability index had a specificity of 76%, EF had a specificity of only 45%. An(More)
The value of heart rate variability, ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) variables and the signal-averaged ECG in the prediction of arrhythmic events (sudden death or life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias) was assessed before hospital discharge in 416 consecutive survivors of acute myocardial infarction. During the follow-up period (range 1 to 1,112(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral isthmus ablation is challenging. The use of steerable sheath and high ablation power may improve success rate. METHODS This single-center, prospective study enrolled 200 patients who underwent ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF), including mitral isthmus ablation. Mitral isthmus ablation was performed using an irrigated ablation(More)
BACKGROUND Quadripolar left ventricular pacing leads permit a variety of pacing configurations from different sites within a coronary vein. There may be advantages to selecting a specific pacing vector. This study examines whether the range of cardiac outputs obtained at cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantation is greater between different poles(More)
Immediate responses to head-up tilt were determined in 78 consecutive patients with unexplained syncope undergoing 45-minute tilt tests at 60 degrees. Thirty-four patients developed neurally mediated syncope (mean time to syncope 18 minutes), 40 tolerated the full duration of tilt, and 4 were unable to complete the study but did not develop syncope. Blood(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) reduces stroke rate or mortality. METHODS An international multicentre registry was compiled from seven centres in the U.K. and Australia for consecutive patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF. Long-term outcomes were compared with (1) a cohort with AF treated medically in(More)
There is increasing evidence that class III antiarrhythmic agents may be superior to class I agents for the long-term treatment of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. This open study evaluated the acute electrophysiologic effects, antiarrhythmic efficacy, and safety of different doses of intravenous dofetilide, a new class III drug, in 50(More)
BACKGROUND Elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance is an important determinant of right ventricular function in patients with end-stage biventricular heart failure. Vasodilator drug therapy directed at the pulmonary vasculature is used in the hemodynamic assessment of patients for orthotopic heart transplantation, and therapy aimed at decreasing(More)
Preoperative nutritional assessment was carried out on 39 consecutive patients with bronchial carcinoma who underwent thoracotomy. For 18 patients the body mass index and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness fell below the 25th centile. In 23 patients the creatinine height index was less than 80% of the predicted value. The mean (SEM) serum albumin(More)