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OBJECTIVE Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) deficiency is one of the causes of thyroid dyshormonogenesis, because TPO plays a key role in thyroid hormone biosynthesis. To determine the frequency and pattern of TPO abnormalities, we have been screening TPO genes of patients with congenital goitrous hypothyroidism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS TPO genes of a patient with(More)
To clarify whether apoptosis of thyroid follicular epithelial cells occurs at the tissue level in autoimmune thyroiditis, 17 specimens of thyroid tissues with Hashimoto's thyroiditis were stained for fragmented DNA. Almost all nuclei of follicular epithelial cells forming atrophic thyroid follicles surrounded by mononuclear cell infiltration and fibrosis(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DAP IV, EC 3.4.14.5) were raised and selectively applied to paraffin-embedded sections of thyroid carcinoma. Five monoclonal antibodies were found to stain paraffin sections of thyroid carcinomas. Using one of these antibodies (44-4), we studied retrospectively aberrant expression of DAP IV in thyroid(More)
This paper reports the results of research to examine the possibility of using the differential expression of two enzymes, dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26, EC: 3.4.14.5) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO, EC: 1.11.1.7), as histochemical markers histopathologically to diagnose thyroid carcinomas. The research is based on previous reports that DPPIV/CD26 is(More)
Staining for dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DAP IV [EC: 3.4.14.5]) activity was applied to aspiration biopsy specimens or imprint preparations of surgical biopsy specimens from thyroid tumors. Material was obtained from 55 patients with histologically proven thyroid diseases: 9 with papillary carcinoma, 5 with follicular carcinoma, 11 with follicular(More)
Dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DAP IV) staining was examined in various histological types of lung carcinomas to evaluate this enzyme activity. A total of 45 lung carcinomas were examined for their enzyme activity. Almost all (93.1%) cases of adenocarcinoma were positive for DAP IV activity, whereas all cases of squamous cell carcinoma, small cell carcinoma,(More)
Characterization of gastric Na+/I- symporter (NIS) of the rat was carried out. Sequencing of the open reading frame of gastric NIS mRNA showed only three nucleotide changes when compared with FRTL-5 NIS cDNA, and two of these changes led to amino acid changes. The results of Northern blot analysis showed that abundant NIS mRNA was expressed in the stomach(More)
Because follicular thyroid carcinoma is extremely difficult to diagnose, several cases were encountered which have been rediagnosed as carcinoma due to distant metastasis. In the search for a method of correctly diagnosing 'benign' thyroid tumor, dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV immunostaining was applied to 10 cases whose diagnoses had been corrected to(More)
The specific immunophenotypic characterization of the hematologic malignant diseases has been obtained most commonly by the immunofluorescent technic. It requires a microscope with illuminator or the expensive flow cytometer that usually precludes morphologic assessment. It was compared with the indirect rosette assay and the immunoperoxidase study, which(More)