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The ability of adhesion receptors to transmit biochemical signals and mechanical force across cell membranes depends on interactions with the actin cytoskeleton. Filamins are large, actin-crosslinking proteins that connect multiple transmembrane and signaling proteins to the cytoskeleton. Here, we describe the high-resolution structure of an interface(More)
The activation of integrin adhesion receptors from low to high affinity in response to intracellular cues controls cell adhesion and signaling. Binding of the cytoskeletal protein talin to the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tail is required for beta3 activation, and the integrin-binding PTB-like F3 domain of talin is sufficient to activate beta3 integrins. Here(More)
The physical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) regulate the behavior of several cell types; yet, mechanisms by which cells recognize and respond to changes in these properties are not clear. For example, breast epithelial cells undergo ductal morphogenesis only when cultured in a compliant collagen matrix, but not when the tension of the matrix(More)
Human filamins are large actin-crosslinking proteins composed of an N-terminal actin-binding domain followed by 24 Ig-like domains (IgFLNs), which interact with numerous transmembrane receptors and cytosolic signaling proteins. Here we report the 2.5 A resolution structure of a three-domain fragment of human filamin A (IgFLNa19-21). The structure reveals an(More)
The integrin family of heterodimeric cell-surface receptors are fundamental in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. Changes to either integrin-ligand affinity or integrin gene expression are central to a variety of disease processes, including inflammation, cardiovascular disease and cancer. In screening for novel activators of integrin-ligand affinity we(More)
A link between sites of cell adhesion and the cytoskeleton is essential for regulation of cell shape, motility, and signaling. Migfilin is a recently identified adaptor protein that localizes at cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion sites, where it is thought to provide a link to the cytoskeleton by interacting with the actin cross-linking(More)
In Drosophila, the formation of the embryonic axes is initiated by Gurken, a transforming growth factor alpha signal from the oocyte to the posterior follicle cells, and an unknown polarising signal back to the oocyte. We report that Drosophila Merlin is specifically required only within the posterior follicle cells to initiate axis formation. Merlin(More)
Usher syndrome type 1B is a combined deaf-blindness condition caused by mutations in the MYO7A gene. Loss of functional myosin VIIa in the retinal pigment epithelia (RPE) and/or photoreceptors leads to blindness. We evaluated the impact of subretinally delivered UshStat, a recombinant EIAV-based lentiviral vector expressing human MYO7A, on photoreceptor(More)
Notch is a central regulator of important cell fate decisions. Notch activation produces diverse cellular effects suggesting the presence of context-dependent control mechanisms. Genetic studies have demonstrated that Notch and integrin mutations have related phenotypes in key developmental processes such as vascular development and somitogenesis. We show(More)
The ordered series of proliferation and differentiation from hematopoietic progenitor cells is disrupted in leukemia, resulting in arrest of differentiation at immature proliferative stages. Characterizing the molecular basis of hematopoietic differentiation is therefore important for understanding and treating disease. Retinoic acid induces expression of(More)