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Leaves are vital plant organs, and a high level of variation in leaf shape, including the leaf lobes, is present in Brassica rapa. Based on a previously-constructed linkage map, QTL analysis of the leaf lobes was performed using the scores from an F2 population during the spring of 2010, and scores from an F2:3 family in the autumn of 2010, respectively. A(More)
Bolting is an important agronomic trait in Brassica rapa crops due to its effect on yield and quality. Bolting is a complicated trait regulated by multiple genes that is highly influenced by the environment. Defining the chromosomal region(s) involved and clarifying the genetic interactions is important for improving the effectiveness of marker-assisted(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key factors in the innate immune system and initiate an inflammatory response to foreign pathogens, such as bacteria, fungi and viruses. TLR4‑mediated signaling has been implicated in tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis in numerous cancers. The present study aimed to investigate the biological effect of TLR4 on the(More)
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