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The histone H3 variant CenH3, called CENP-A in humans, is central in centromeric chromatin to ensure proper chromosome segregation. In the absence of an underlying DNA sequence, it is still unclear how CENP-A deposition at centromeres is determined. Here, we purified non-nucleosomal CENP-A complexes to identify direct CENP-A partners involved in such a(More)
The Wnt signalling pathway is essential for development and organogenesis. Wnt signalling stabilizes β-catenin, which accumulates in the cytoplasm, binds to T-cell factor (TCF; also known as lymphocyte enhancer-binding factor, LEF) and then upregulates downstream genes. Mutations in CTNNB1 (encoding β-catenin) or APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) have been(More)
We report genome-wide association studies for hematological and biochemical traits from ∼14,700 Japanese individuals. We identified 60 associations for 8 hematological traits and 29 associations for 12 biochemical traits at genome-wide significance levels (P < 5 × 10−8). Of these, 46 associations were new to this study and 43 replicated previous reports. We(More)
Chronic hepatitis B is a serious infectious liver disease that often progresses to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma; however, clinical outcomes after viral exposure vary enormously among individuals. Through a two-stage genome-wide association study using 786 Japanese chronic hepatitis B cases and 2,201 controls, we identified a significant(More)
Lung cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer worldwide, and its incidence is increasing in East Asian and Western countries. To identify genetic factors that modify the risk of lung adenocarcinoma, we conducted a genome-wide association study in a Japanese cohort, with replication in two independent studies in Japanese and Korean individuals,(More)
We identified a novel gene HJURP (Holliday junction-recognizing protein) whose activation seemed to play a pivotal role in the immortality of cancer cells. HJURP was considered a possible downstream target for ataxia telangiectasia mutated signaling, and its expression was increased by DNA double-strand breaks (DSB). HJURP was involved in the homologous(More)
Gene expression profile analysis of lung and esophageal carcinomas revealed that Dikkopf-1 (DKK1) was highly transactivated in the great majority of lung cancers and esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). Immunohistochemical staining using tumor tissue microarrays consisting of 279 archived non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) and 280 ESCC specimens(More)
The EP300 protein is a histone acetyltransferase that regulates transcription via chromatin remodelling and is important in the processes of cell proliferation and differentiation. EP300 acetylation of TP53 in response to DNA damage regulates its DNA-binding and transcription functions. A role for EP300 in cancer has been implied by the fact that it is(More)
To investigate genes involved in pulmonary carcinogenesis and those related to sensitivity of nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) to therapeutic drugs, we performed cDNA microarray analysis of 37 NSCLCs after laser-capture microdissection of cancer cells from primary tumors. A clustering algorithm applied to the expression data easily distinguished two(More)
Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified several loci associated with human height; however, such evidence was mostly reported in Caucasian populations. Since the different distributions of height between populations suggest their different genetic backgrounds, analysis in different populations would be useful. Here, we present the(More)