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The appearance of reactive astrocytes following brain injury was investigated in 4-week-old rats with special reference to their proliferation and chronological changes in the cytoskeletal proteins. Two days after the injury, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive cells had increased in number around the lesion and spread to the entire ipsilateral(More)
N-Acetylneuraminate lyase and N-acyl-D-glucosamine 2-epimerase had been cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Simultaneous use of these two enzymes and feeding of appropriate amounts of pyruvate to the reaction mixture made possible the high conversion of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) from N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) with a 77% conversion(More)
N-Acetylneuraminate lyase [N-acetylneuraminic acid aldolase EC] from Escherichia coli was purified by protamine sulfate treatment, fractionation with ammonium sulfate, column chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, gel filtration on Ultrogel AcA 44, and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified enzyme preparation was homogeneous on(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to rat alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were produced by hybridization of mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells from mice immunized with rat AFP. The monoclonal antibodies as well as horse anti-rat AFP were coupled via a dextran bridge to daunomycin. Both types of conjugates were tested in vitro and in vivo for their anti-tumor activity. They(More)
Endogenous inhibitors of Na,K-ATPase and ouabain-binding were partially purified from bovine central nervous system, and some of their properties were studied. They were eluted as low-molecular-weight fractions by gel filtration. They could be adsorbed by both Amberlite IR 120 and Amberlite IRA 400 at acidic and basic pH, respectively, indicating that they(More)
Biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses were done on five cases of gastric carcinoma with excessive production of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Histologic and ultrastructural examination of these cases showed conventional poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of cuboidal or polygonal tumor cells in the medullary area with scattered AFP-positive cancer cells.(More)
We measured the concentrations of urine glycosaminoglycans (GAG) by the modified dimethylmethylene blue method and the concentration of urine heparan sulfate (HS) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with various glomerular diseases. The GAG/creatinine(Crea) ratios in patients with IgA nephropathy (mean +/- SD, 0.31 +/- 0.056) and(More)
An increase in collagen synthesis by hepatic parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) was observed during 8 days in primary culture by the quantification of total [3H]hydroxyproline as a marker of total collagen synthesis and the ratio of [3H]hydroxyproline in the high-molecular-weight fraction to total [3H]hydroxyproline as a marker of collagen degradation after(More)
Birds have several advantages in the study of memory formation, as imprinting and passive avoidance behaviors in chick are often used as model systems. However, the primary structure of the bird N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) responsive glutamate receptor, which is assumed to play a critical role in memory formation, has not been determined. In this report we(More)