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Low-renin hypertension is characterized by a high ratio of aldosterone to plasma renin activity (ALD/PRA), which may suggest inappropriately increased aldosterone biosynthesis. The genes for the enzymes involved in aldosterone synthesis may contribute to low-renin hypertension. We investigated the associations between genetic variations of CYP11B2(More)
In Japanese and other Asians, the prevalence of genetically decreased mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) activity is higher than in Caucasians. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relation between ALDH2 genotypes and blood pressure levels or hypertension in Japanese. After obtaining informed consent for genetic analysis from 917 men and(More)
This study delineates a mechanism for antiapoptotic signaling initiated by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) stimulation leading to elevation of cGMP levels and subsequent nuclear accumulation of Akt kinase associated with zyxin, a cytoskeletal LIM-domain protein. Nuclear targeting of zyxin induces resistance to cell death coincident with nuclear(More)
We identified genes that were differentially expressed between spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) using cDNA microarray analysis, and analyzed the correlation between these genes and hypertension. Twenty four genes were found to be up-regulated and 20 were down-regulated in SHR. We selected 11 genes (6 up-regulated genes: SAH,(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Akt regulates cellular survival, proliferation, gene transcription, protein translation, metabolism, and differentiation. Although Akt substrates are found throughout the cell, activated Akt normally accumulates in the nucleus, suggesting that biologically relevant targets are located there. Consequences of nuclear Akt signaling(More)
Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of aldosterone. Recently, a polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of the CYP11B2 gene [T(-344)C] has been reported to be associated with blood pressure and plasma aldosterone levels. We investigated the association between this polymorphism and hypertension in a large population-based(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) plays a critical role in the tonic and reflexive regulation of arterial blood pressure. Recent studies have demonstrated that injection of kynurenic acid (KYN) into the RVLM of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) decreases arterial blood pressure. We hypothesized that a relative increase in the excitatory amino(More)
It has been reported that the beta3-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB3) is associated with abnormal metabolic risk factors. Therefore, we examined whether the Trp64Arg polymorphism of ADRB3 affects the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MS). The participants were 2,395 subjects who underwent a medical examination in Shigaraki in Shiga, Japan. Among them, 1,416(More)
UNLABELLED Moderate drinkers with a defective alcohol dehydrogenase type 3 (ADH3) genotype have higher high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and a decreased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the interaction between the aldehyde dehydrogenase type 2 (ALDH2), alcohol intake, and HDL levels in 826 men and 1295 women in a rural town in Japan.(More)
High blood pressure is the leading cause of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH); however, not all hypertensive patients develop LVH. Genetic factors are important in the development of LVH. With the use of F2 male rats from spontaneously hypertensive rats and Lewis rats, we performed a study to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) that influence left(More)