Yasuyuki Nogata

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PURPOSE To determine whether decreased signal intensity of the motor cortex (T2 shortening) at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a useful finding for supporting the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIALS AND METHODS High-field-strength (1.5-T) MR images of 15 patients (seven men and eight women, aged 28-80 years) and 49(More)
Larval development and settlement of whale barnacles have not previously been described, unlike intertidal barnacles. Indeed, the mechanisms of the association between barnacles and whales have not been studied. Here we describe the larval development and settlement of the whale barnacle, Coronula diadema, and possible involvement of a cue from the host in(More)
Blooms of moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita s.l. occur in various vertical distribution patterns within the water column. Reasons for these distribution patterns have remained obscure. To quantify the influence of pycnocline and low dissolved oxygen (DO) on the vertical distribution of A. aurita aggregations, we investigated temperature, salinity, DO, and(More)
Isocyanide is a potential antifouling compound in marine environments. In this study, we investigated its mode of action in three aquatic organisms. Two of them, the bryozoan Bugula neritina and the barnacle Balanus amphitrite, are major marine fouling invertebrates, and the other organism is the non-target species zebrafish Danio rerio. In the swimming(More)
Moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita s.l. has been suggested to have high mortality during the ephyra stage, which potentially affects the population size of the later medusa stage. However, the mechanism behind the high mortality rate has still not been clarified. Ephyrae of A. aurita are liberated from the sessile strobila, which are usually surrounded by(More)
A long-term investigation of the shell shape and the basal morphology of barnacles grown on tough, double-network (DN) hydrogels and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer was conducted in a laboratory environment. The elastic modulus of these soft substrata varied between 0.01 and 0.47 MPa. Polystyrene (PS) (elastic modulus, 3 GPa) was used as a hard(More)
Barnacles are one of the major fouling organisms at electric power plants. They cling to the inside of pipes and the surface of steam condensers of the power plants, thus reducing the stream of seawater into the power plants. Furthermore, they erode the pipes and the steam condensers. A continuous auto-detection system of barnacle larvae is necessary to(More)
To define the frequency of decreased signal intensity (DSI) in cerebral cortex on T2-weighted images relative to aging and to the incidence of identifying white matter pathology, T2-weighted MR brain images of 906 patients consecutively examined between July 1989 and June 1991 were reviewed. MR images of cerebral cortex were divided into five areas: frontal(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MR imaging) provides a sensitive method for mapping the normal and pathological distribution of iron in the brain. High field strength MR imaging (1.5 T) was used to evaluate eight patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 49 neurological normal control patients. All eight ALS patients showed decreased signal(More)
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