Yasuyuki Nasuhara

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RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation caused by emphysema and/or airway narrowing. Computed tomography has been widely used to assess emphysema severity, but less attention has been paid to the assessment of airway disease using computed tomography. OBJECTIVES To obtain longitudinal images and(More)
Surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D are collagen-like glycoproteins that are synthesised in the distal pulmonary epithelium. This study examined the effects of ageing and long-term smoking on SP-A and SP-D in the lungs. The possible links to the development of pulmonary emphysema were also investigated. Sequential lavage was performed in young and(More)
RATIONALE Although the rate of annual decline in FEV1 is one of the most important outcome measures in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), little is known about intersubject variability based on clinical phenotypes. OBJECTIVES To examine the intersubject variability in a 5-year observational cohort study, particularly focusing on emphysema(More)
The IkappaB kinases (IKKs) lie downstream of the NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) and activate NF-kappaB by phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha. This leads to IkappaBalpha degradation and release of NF-kappaB. In U937 monocytic cells, interleukin (IL)-1beta (1 ng/ml) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha; 10 ng/ml) induced kappaB-dependent transcription equally.(More)
The inflammatory chemokines interleukin-8, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, are reportedly involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although bronchiolar epithelial cells and macrophages are known to be the cellular sources, the relative contribution of each cell type remains(More)
Curcumin, a yellow pigment obtained from turmeric (Curcumina longa), is a dietary polyphenol that has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The effect of curcumin against the development of pulmonary emphysema in animal models is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether curcumin is able to attenuate the(More)
Cigarette smoking and aging are major risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. An unsolved question is whether elderly lungs are particularly vulnerable to cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. In this study, we used a mouse model to test the hypothesis that aging increases the susceptibility to CS-induced pulmonary inflammation. We subjected(More)
Pulmonary macrophages are one of the sources of various antioxidant and detoxification enzymes for which NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcriptional factor. Although Nrf2 deficiency reportedly induces severe emphysema in mice exposed to cigarette smoke (CS), no reports have studied Nrf2 regulation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).(More)
Lung injuries are generally more serious and cause high mortality in aged humans and animals. Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is known to be readily inducible in alveolar macrophages (AMs) and airway epithelial cells to confer cytoprotection against oxidative stress. We thus investigated whether aging impairs the stress-induced upregulation of HO-1. In this study,(More)
Chronic airway inflammation, one of the pathophysiologic features of bronchial asthma, is suspected to be responsible for irreversible pathological changes of airways, called airway remodeling. To examine the mechanisms of airway remodeling in asthma, we investigated the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor immunohistochemically in(More)