Yasuyuki Kosaka

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Forests with different flora and vegetation types harbor different assemblages of flower visitors, and plant-pollinator interactions vary among forests. In monsoon-dominated East and Southeast Asia, there is a characteristic gradient in climate along latitude, creating a broad spectrum of forest types with potentially diverse pollinator communities. To(More)
The effects of dietary Yamabushitake mushroom (Hericium erinaceus) on lipid metabolism were examined. C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet containing hot-water extract (HW-E) and an ethanol extract (EtOH-E) of Yamabushitake mushroom. Administration of HW-E or EtOH-E with a high-fat diet for 28 d resulted in a significant decrease in body weight gain, fat(More)
Wild Edible Herbs in Paddy Fields and Their Sale in a Mixture in Houaphan Province, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Multiple wild edible herbs coexist in paddy fields under the agricultural practices used for growing rice. Paddy field vegetation was surveyed and the rural population’s perceptions and use of wild edible herbs were investigated in the(More)
Lupane triterpenes were found to promote melanogenesis, a hallmark of B16 2F2 mouse melanoma cell differentiation. Studies of the structure-activity relationships demonstrated that the keto function at C-3 of the lupane skeleton played important roles in the melanogenic activities of lupane triterpenes on melanoma cells. The carbonyl group at C-17 of lupane(More)
AIM To reveal the comparison of comprehensive geriatric functions of elderly highlanders in Qinghai Plateau in China among three different ethnic groups. METHODS Activities of daily living (ADL), screening-based depression, quality of life (QOL) and checking-up of metabolic syndrome including community-based oral glucose tolerance test were assessed in(More)
BACKGROUND Although there are several factors which may contribute to oxidative stress at high altitude, little is known about the association between oxidative stress and aging in the community-dwelling elderly in the Tibetan Plateau. METHODS Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and comprehensive geriatric functions were examined among 235 community-dwelling(More)
OBJECTIVE Prevalence of hypertension was examined in a widely dispersed (45 110 km(2)) representative group of Ladakhi in Northern India. The influence of hypoxic environment of wide-ranged altitude (2600-4900 m) and lifestyle change on hypertension was studied. METHODS 2800 participants (age 20-94 years) were enrolled. Systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg(More)
To elucidate the role of microbes and endogenous proteases in the formation of the taste-active components during processing of heshiko, a Japanese traditional seafood produced by aging salted mackerel with rice bran, the production of lactic acid, free amino acids, and acid-soluble peptides throughout the aging process was compared in the absence and(More)
Microbiological profiles during the processing of heshiko, produced by aging salted mackerel with rice bran for over seven months, were investigated in connection with the production of organic acids and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN). Viable counts in commercial heshiko samples were in the range of 104–107 cfu/g in 2.5% NaCl-GYP agar medium, and over 80% of(More)