Yasuyoshi Miki

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The 4-methoxybenzyloxymethyl (MBom) group was introduced at the Nπ-position of the histidine (His) residue by using a regioselective procedure, and its utility was examined under standard conditions used for the conventional and the microwave (MW)-assisted solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) with 9-fluorenylmethyoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chemistry. The Nπ-MBom(More)
Phosphonium and uronium salt-based reagents enable efficient and effective coupling reactions and are indispensable in peptide chemistry, especially in machine-assisted SPPS. However, after the activating and coupling steps with these reagents in the presence of tertiary amines, Fmoc derivatives of Cys are known to be considerably racemized during their(More)
The protective effects of sarpogrelate (SG), a 5-HT2A antagonist, were investigated in perfused guinea-pig Langendorff hearts subjected to ischemia and reperfusion. Changes in cellular levels of high phosphorous energy, NO and Ca2+ in the heart together with simultaneous recordings of left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) were monitored using an nitric(More)
The recovery (%) of the left ventricular developed pressure by (S)-(-)-pyrapyridolol (5 x 10(-8) M) (90.7%), an optical isomer of a new 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, was greater than that by (R)-(+)-pyrapyridolol (66.2%, control: 34.4%) against ischemia-reperfusion injury in perfused Langendorff guinea-pig hearts. In the perfused mitochondrial preparation,(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether 2′-ethylcarbonate-linked paclitaxel (TAX-2′-Et) circumvents P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated cellular efflux and cytotoxicity enhanced by TAX-2′-Et activation within human culture cells transfected with a rabbit liver carboxylesterase (Ra-CES) cDNA. TAX-2′-Et transport was characterized in a human colon(More)
A novel transformation reaction of methylene acetals, using a combination of trimethyl(phenylthio)silane (PhSTMS) and N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) under mild reaction conditions, is described. Various methylene acetals were converted to their corresponding bromoformates in good to high yields. Under the given conditions, the reaction proceeded via a radical(More)
In prodrug/enzyme therapy for cancer, information on the sensitivity of hydrolytic enzymes to prodrug is required to reduce adverse effects of the parental drug and to find the activating enzyme. The aim of this study was to characterize the enzymatic stability of 2'-ethylcarbonate-linked paclitaxel (TAX-2'-Et) in the sera of several different species(More)
A mild and regioselective 2-arylation of 5-substituted tetrazoles is described. The reaction proceeds regioselectively with a variety of arylboronic acids in the presence of [Cu(OH)(TMEDA)]2Cl2 to afford 2,5-disubstituted tetrazoles. This is the first report of highly regioselective arylation of 5-alkyltetrazoles.
An efficient one-pot method was developed for the construction of 3-acylindoles via oxidative rearrangement of 2-aminochalcones followed by intramolecular cyclization. The reaction was used to convert a variety of 2-aminochalcones into 3-acylindoles in moderate to high yields.
We synthesized a temperature-responsive polymer, N-(isopropylacrylamide)-methacrylic acid copolymer, to which poly-l-lysine was introduced. The synthesized polymer as well as the parent polymer showed reversible soluble-insoluble changes in response to temperature changes across the lower critical solution temperature at 32 degree C in an aqueous solution.(More)
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