Yasuto Araki

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OBJECTIVE Synovial fibroblasts (SFs) produce matrix-degrading enzymes that cause joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Epigenetic mechanisms play a pivotal role in autoimmune diseases. This study was undertaken to elucidate the epigenetic mechanism that regulates the transcription of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in RASFs. METHODS MMP gene(More)
Until recently, effector T helper (Th) cells have been classified into two subsets, Th1 and Th2 cells. Since the discovery of Th17 cells, which produce IL-17, much attention has been given to Th17 cells, mainly because they have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases. We have performed transcriptome analysis combined with(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that epigenetic aberrations have a role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, reports on histone modifications are as yet quite limited in RA. Interleukin (IL)-6 is an inflammatory cytokine which is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of RA. Here we report the role of histone modifications in(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a cytokine implicated in the promotion of osteoclastogenesis. Its effect has been believed not to be directly exerted on osteoclast precursors, but rather indirectly carried out via an induction of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), the osteoclast differentiation factor, on osteoclast-supporting cells, which in turn exert(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the function of osteoclast-like multinuclear cells differentiated from bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) by a combination of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the differentiation. METHODS BMMs were stimulated by TNFα and/or IL-6. The cells were then(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that is characterized by synovial hyperplasia and progressive joint destruction. The activation of RA synovial fibroblasts (SFs), also called fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), contributes significantly to perpetuation of the disease. Genetic and environmental factors have been reported(More)
Autoimmune diseases are chronic inflammatory disorders caused by a loss of self-tolerance, which is characterized by the appearance of autoantibodies and/or autoreactive lymphocytes and the impaired suppressive function of regulatory T cells. The pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases is extremely complex and remains largely unknown. Recent advances indicate(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts (SFs) produce matrix-degrading enzymes, including MMPs, which facilitate cartilage destruction in the affected joints in RA. Epigenetic mechanisms contribute to change in the chromatin state, resulting in an(More)
  • Yasuto Araki
  • Nihon Rinsho Men'eki Gakkai kaishi = Japanese…
  • 2011
Evidence including genome-wide analyses have uncovered that epigenetic mechanisms regulate differentiation and effector functions in CD8 T cells. Gene expression profiles change when CD8 T cells differentiate from naïve T cells to memory T cells. It has been shown that this programmed differentiation is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms. Upon antigen(More)
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