Yasuto Akiyama

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are well known to possess multipotential differentiation and are becoming a good tool for clinical research. However, specific markers for their purification and the mechanism of their osteogenic differentiation remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we compared the expression of CD106, and osteogenic(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3, a member of a family of DNA-binding molecules, is a potential target in the treatment of cancer. The highly phosphorylated STAT3 in cancer cells contributes to numerous physiological and oncogenic signaling pathways. Furthermore, a significant association between STAT3 signaling and glioblastoma(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma is an intractable cancer with a poor prognosis and increasing prevalence worldwide. Specific biomarkers for early diagnosis have yet to be found. MATERIALS AND METHODS Serum samples from melanoma patients and healthy volunteers were utilized for identifying melanoma marker proteins using a serological proteome approach. Specifically,(More)
Metastatic, chemotherapy-resistant melanoma is an intractable cancer with a very poor prognosis. As to immunotherapy targeting metastatic melanoma, HLA-A2+ patients were mainly enrolled in the study in Western countries. However, HLA-A24+ melanoma patients-oriented immunotherapy has not been fully investigated. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
Immunoglobulin (IG or antibody) and the T-cell receptor (TR) are pivotal proteins in the immune system of higher organisms. In cancer immunotherapy, the immune responses mediated by tumor-epitope-binding IG or TR play important roles in anticancer effects. Although there are public databases specific for immunological genes, their contents have not been(More)
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is considered to be an attractive therapeutic target for oncology drug development. We identified a N-[2-(1,3,4-oxadiazolyl)]-4-quinolinecarboxamide derivative, STX-0119, as a novel STAT3 dimerization inhibitor by a virtual screen using a customized version of the DOCK4 program with the crystal(More)
Metastatic and chemoresistant melanoma can be a good target of immunotherapy because it is an intractable cancer with a very poor prognosis. Previously, we tested a dendritic cell (DC)-based phase I vaccine, and confirmed that it was safe. In the present study, we performed a phase II trial of a DC vaccine for(More)
High-grade gliomas including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are among the most malignant and aggressive of tumors, and have a very poor prognosis despite a temozolomide-based intensive treatment. Therefore, a novel therapeutic approach to controlling recurrence is needed. In the present study, we investigated the effect of activated dendritic cell (DC)(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most malignant and aggressive tumors, and has a very poor prognosis with a mean survival time of <2 years, despite intensive treatment using chemo-radiation. Therefore, novel therapeutic approaches including immunotherapy have been developed against GBM. For the purpose of identifying novel target antigens(More)
A MAGE-1 HLA-A24 peptide-specific CTL line was characterized using a novel staining approach in the case of a metastatic melanoma patient who exhibited a remarkable clinical response in HLA-A24 peptide cocktail-pulsed dendritic cell (DCs) vaccine therapy. Briefly, pre- or post-vaccine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the vaccinated patient(More)