Yasuteru Sano

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At least eight inherited neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats encoding polyglutamine (polyQ) stretches. Although cytotoxicities of expanded polyQ stretches are implicated, the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration remain unclear. We found that expanded polyQ stretches preferentially bind to TAFII130, a coactivator involved in(More)
Diabetic encephalopathy is now accepted as an important complication of diabetes. The breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is associated with dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this study was to identify the possible mechanisms responsible for the disruption of the BBB after exposure to advanced glycation(More)
Aprataxin (APTX) is the causative gene product for early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia (EAOH/AOA1). In our previous study, we found that APTX interacts with X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), a scaffold protein with an essential role in single-strand DNA break repair (SSBR). To further characterize the functions(More)
The objectives of this study were to establish pure blood-nerve barrier (BNB) and blood-brain barrier (BBB)-derived pericyte cell lines of human origin and to investigate their unique properties as barrier-forming cells. Brain and peripheral nerve pericyte cell lines were established via transfection with retrovirus vectors incorporating human(More)
In autoimmune disorders of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, breakdown of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) has been considered as a key step in the disease process. Hence, it is important to know the cellular property of peripheral nerve microvascular endothelial(More)
In autoimmune disorders of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), including Guillain–Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, breakdown of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) has been considered to be a key step in the disease process. Although glucocorticoids (GCs) have been shown to effectively restore the blood–brain barrier(More)
The objective of this study was to establish pure blood-nerve barrier (BNB)-derived peripheral nerve pericyte cell lines and to investigate their unique properties as barrier-forming cells. We isolated peripheral nerve, brain, and lung pericytes from transgenic rats harboring the temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 large T-antigen gene. These cell lines(More)
The breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been considered to be a key step in the disease process of a number of neurological disorders such as cerebral ischemia and Alzheimer's disease. Many in vitro BBB models derived from animal tissues have been established to elucidate the mechanism of BBB insufficiency. However, only a few human immortalized(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathological breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is thought to constitute the beginning of the disease process in neuromyelitis optica (NMO). In the current study, we investigated possible molecular mechanisms responsible for the breakdown of BBB using NMO sera. METHODS We analysed the effects of sera obtained from anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4)(More)
Interleukin (IL)-25, a member of the IL-17 family of cytokines, is expressed in the brains of normal mice. However, the cellular source of IL-25 and its function in the brain remain to be elucidated. Here, we show that IL-25 plays an important role in preventing infiltration of the inflammatory cells into the central nervous system. Brain capillary(More)