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Additional targets of CodY, a GTP-activated repressor of early stationary-phase genes in Bacillus subtilis, were identified by combining chromatin immunoprecipitation, DNA microarray hybridization, and gel mobility shift assays. The direct targets of CodY newly identified by this approach included regulatory genes for sporulation, genes that are likely to(More)
In Escherichia coli, the main player in transcription regulation of fatty acid metabolism is the FadR protein, which is involved in negative regulation of fatty acid degradation and in positive and negative regulation of the cellular processes related to it, as well as in positive regulation of the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids in a concerted(More)
The Bacillus subtilis competence transcription factor ComK is required for establishment of competence for genetic transformation. In an attempt to study the ComK factor further, we explored the genes regulated by ComK using the DNA microarray technique. In addition to the genes known to be dependent on ComK for expression, we found many genes or operons(More)
The histidine-containing protein (HPr) is the energy coupling protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent carbohydrate:phosphotransferase system (PTS), which catalyzes the transport of carbohydrates in bacteria. In Bacillus subtilis and close relatives, global regulation of carbon catabolite control occurs on the binding of the complex of CcpA (catabolite(More)
Bacillus subtilis TnrA is a global regulator that responds to the availability of nitrogen sources and both activates and represses many genes during nitrogen-limited growth. In order to obtain a holistic view of the gene regulation depending on TnrA, we performed a genome-wide screening for TnrA-regulated genes associated with a TnrA box. A combination of(More)
The Bacillus subtilis ilv-leu operon functions in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids. It undergoes catabolite activation involving a promoter-proximal cre which is mediated by the complex of CcpA and P-Ser-HPr. This activation of ilv-leu expression is negatively regulated through CodY binding to a high-affinity site in the promoter region under(More)
Late during sporulation, Bacillus subtilis produces glucose dehydrogenase (GlcDH; EC 1.1.1.47), which can react with D-glucose or 2-deoxy-D-glucose and can use nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) as a cofactor. This enzyme is found mainly in the forespore compartment and is present in spores; it is(More)
The iolABCDEFGHIJ operon of Bacillus subtilis is responsible for myo-inositol catabolism involving multiple and stepwise reactions. Previous studies demonstrated that IolG and IolE are the enzymes for the first and second reactions, namely dehydrogenation of myo-inositol to give 2-keto-myo-inositol and the subsequent dehydration to(More)
The Bacillus subtilis ilv-leu operon involved in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids is under negative regulation mediated by TnrA and CodY, which recognize and bind to their respective cis-elements located upstream of the ilv-leu promoter. This operon is known to be under CcpA-dependent positive regulation. We have currently identified a(More)
With the completion of the determination of its entire genome sequence, one of the next major targets of Bacillus subtilis genomics is to clarify the whole gene regulatory network. To this end, the results of systematic experiments should be compared with the rich source of individual experimental results accumulated so far. Thus, we constructed a database(More)