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A new enzymatic method for synthesis of enantiomerically enriched δ-hexadecalactone (3) based on the enzymatic kinetic resolution of N-methyl-5-acetoxyhexadecanamide (1) is described. A combination of lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis and amidation improved enantioselectivity. Lipase-catalyzed amidation was also investigated. Detailed screening of solvents and(More)
Synthesis of optically pure δ-lactones by diastereomeric resolution was investigated. Amino acid derivatives, which can be obtained at a relatively low cost, were used as resolving agents. Six optically pure δ-lactones were efficiently synthesized using Cbz-L-alanine without other expensive resolving agents. Both enantiomers of δ-lactone obtained had over(More)
A hemicellulose hydrolysate containing 19 g L−1 xylose was prepared from the culm of bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) by hydrolysis with 3 % sulphuric acid with a liquor to solid ratio of 10 (g g−1) at 121 °C for 1 h. After detoxification of the hydrolysate with a commercially available activated char followed by neutralisation with calcium carbonate, the(More)
Various hydroxycinnamoyl β-d-xylopyranosides were efficiently prepared from 2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-α-d-xylopyranosyl bromide (TAXB) with amine by amine-promoted glycosylation. The resulted acetylated hydroxycinnamoyl β-d-xylopyranosides with acetoxy groups at C-2, C-3, and C-4 were regioselectively deacetylated at C-4 position with Novozym 435. Antioxidant(More)
We examined the dissolution of polystyrene (PS) into acyclic monoterpenes present in tree essential oils, to develop an environmentally friendly shrinking agent for waste-expanded polystyrene (EPS). The dissolving powers of geranyl acetate, geranylacetone, and geranyl formate [221.8-241.2 g PS (100 g solvent)(-1)] compared favorably with that of(More)
A sugar solution containing 42.9 g l(-1) of xylose was prepared from the wood of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) by hydrolysis with 3 % sulfuric acid with a liquor-to-solid ratio of 4 (g g(-1)) at 120 °C for 1 h. During the acid hydrolysis, undesirable by-products were generated, such as acetic acid, furfural, and(More)
A combination of Novozym 435-catalyzed methanolysis and amidation using racemic N-methyl-5-acetoxytridecan- and tetradecanamides as a substrate proceeded in good enantioselectivity to afford the corresponding (R)-N-methyl-5-acetoxyalkanamides, (S)-N-methyl-5-hydroxyalkanamides, and (S)-N-cyclohexyl-5-hydroxyalkanamides. Both enantiomers of δ-tri- and(More)
Various glycosyl ferulates were efficiently synthesized from 2,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-α-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (TAGB) with amine by amine-promoted glycosylation without using heavy metal. The resulted acetylated glycosyl ferulates with acetoxyl groups at C-2, C-3 and C-4 were regioselectively deacetylated at C-4 and C-6 positions with Novozym 435. Antioxidant(More)
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