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To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) (osteoporosis or osteopenia) in Japanese female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed BMD measurements by dual X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine and the hip and collected basic and lifestyle-related, clinical and treatment characteristics among(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of the genes responsible for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS All the exons and putative promoter regions of 53 candidate genes (TNFRSF6/Fas, TNFSF6/FasL, Fli1, TNFSF10/TRAIL, TNFSF12/TWEAK, Bcl-2, PTEN, FADD, TRADD, CDKN1A, TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF4/OX40, TNFSF4/OX40L, TNFSF5/CD40L, TNFSF13B/BAFF, ICOS, CTLA4, CD28, FYN,(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of the association of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes with SLE and accompanying infections. METHODS Presence or absence of all 14 KIR genes was studied for association with SLE by case-control studies. A total of 417 SLE cases, 72 RA cases and 256 controls, all of Japanese descent, were enrolled. RESULTS The(More)
Viral infection is known to induce transient autoimmunity in humans. Acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is implicated in occasional thrombosis formation. We here, for the first time, report a 19-year-old female who had an acute CMV infection, leading to a deep venous thrombosis and a pulmonary embolism along with transient appearance of lupus(More)
INTRODUCTION Progranulin (PGRN), a pleiotropic growth factor, has emerged as an immunoregulatory molecule. Because the roles of PGRN in dermatomyositis (DM) are still unknown, we investigated whether serum PGRN levels are associated with disease activity and prognosis in DM patients, particularly in those with DM complicated with interstitial lung disease(More)
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