Yasutaka Hoshino

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A safe and effective rotavirus vaccine is urgently needed, particularly in developing countries. Critical to vaccine development and implementation is a knowledge base concerning the epidemiology of rotavirus G and P serotypes/genotypes throughout the world. The temporal and geographical distribution of human rotavirus G and P types was reviewed by(More)
Among 1316 rotavirus specimens collected during strain surveillance in the United States from 1996 to 1999, most strains (95%) belonged to the common types (G1 to G4 and G9), while 5% were mixed infections of common serotypes, rare strains, or not completely typeable. In this report, 2 rare (P[9],G3) and 2 partially typeable (P[6],G?; P[9],G?) strains from(More)
We determined the genomic sequence of Nocardia farcinica IFM 10152, a clinical isolate, and revealed the molecular basis of its versatility. The genome consists of a single circular chromosome of 6,021,225 bp with an average G+C content of 70.8% and two plasmids of 184,027 (pNF1) and 87,093 (pNF2) bp with average G+C contents of 67.2% and 68.4%,(More)
FTY720, given i.v. or orally at 0.03 mg/kg or more, significantly prolonged skin allograft survival in a dose-dependent manner and showed more potent immunosuppressive activity than cyclosporin A (CsA) or tacrolimus (FK506) in MHC-incompatible rat strains of WKAH donors and F344 recipients. However, unlike CsA or FK506, FTY720 up to 1000 nM did not affect(More)
A virus (strain WI61) representing a presumptive new human serotype was isolated from an 18-month-old child with gastroenteritis admitted to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in February 1983. The WI61 virus was clearly distinguished by cross-neutralization tests from human rotaviruses of serotypes 1, 2, 3, and 4, human 69M, and representative bovine(More)
Two new human rotavirus (HRV) strains, PA151 and PA169, with subgroup I specificity and a long RNA pattern, yet with a serotype G (VP7) specificity different from those of any of the six well-established HRV serotypes (G1 to G4, G8, and G9), were isolated 3 months apart from two children with acute gastroenteritis in Sicily, southern Italy, in the winter(More)
A potent immunosuppressive activity was found in the culture broth of the fungus Isaria sinclairii (ATCC 24400). The metabolite, ISP-I ((2S,3R,4R)-(E)-2-amino-3,4-dihydroxy-2- hydroxymethyl-14-oxoeicos-6-enoic acid, myriocin = thermozymocidin) suppressed the proliferation of lymphocytes in mouse allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction, but had no effect on the(More)
Rotaviruses, the major causative agents of infantile diarrhea worldwide, are, in general, highly species-specific. Interspecies virus transmission is thought to be one of the important contributors involved in the evolution and diversity of rotaviruses in nature. Human rotavirus (HRV) G3P[3] strains Ro1845 and HCR3A have been reported to be closely related(More)
Examined hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) function in 30 children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by measuring the diurnal variation and response to the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) of saliva cortisol. Normal diurnal saliva cortisol rhythm was found in only 43.3% of the ADHD children. DST showed suppression in(More)