Yasutaka Azuma

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Runx2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling play important roles in osteoblast and chondrocyte differentiation. We investigated the relationship between Runx2 and PI3K-Akt signaling. Forced expression of Runx2 enhanced osteoblastic differentiation of C3H10T1/2 and MC3T3-E1 cells and enhanced chondrogenic differentiation of ATDC5 cells,(More)
Gel retardation electrophoresis revealed that binding of a radiolabeled double stranded oligonucleotide probe for the nuclear transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP1) was markedly potentiated 2 h after the intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid (KA) at a dose range of 10-40 mg/kg in a dose-dependent manner in the murine hippocampus. The potentiation(More)
Transcription factors are nuclear proteins with an ability to recognize particular nucleotide sequences on double stranded genomic DNAs and thereby modulate the activity of RNA polymerase II which is responsible for the formation of messenger RNAs in cell nuclei. Gel retardation electrophoresis revealed that transient forebrain ischemia for 5 min led to(More)
The systemic administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate (100 mg/kg, i.p.) resulted in preferential but transient expression of the transcription factor activator protein-1 in the granule cell layers of the dentate gyrus in the murine hippocampus by maximally 700% 1 h later, without markedly affecting that in the pyramidal cell layers of the CA1 and CA3(More)
Gel retardation electrophoresis revealed that binding of a radiolabelled double-stranded oligonucleotide probe for the nuclear transcription factor activator protein-1 was markedly potentiated in the CA1 and CA3 subfields and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus of the gerbils with transient forebrain ischemia for 5 min, which is known to induce delayed(More)
Protein de novo synthesis is mainly under the control at the level of gene transcription by transcription factors in cell nuclei in eukaryotes. The systemic administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate resulted in selective but transient potentiation of binding of a radiolabeled double-stranded oligonucleotide probe for the nuclear transcription factor activator(More)
The Avogadro constant links the atomic and the macroscopic properties of matter. Since the molar Planck constant is well known via the measurement of the Rydberg constant, it is also closely related to the Planck constant. In addition, its accurate determination is of paramount importance for a definition of the kilogram in terms of a fundamental constant.(More)
New results are reported from an ongoing international research effort to accurately determine the Avogadro constant by counting the atoms in an isotopically enriched silicon crystal. The surfaces of two 28 Si-enriched spheres were decontaminated and reworked in order to produce an outer surface without metal contamination and improved sphericity. New(More)
Gel retardation electrophoresis revealed that cytosolic fractions contained DNA binding activity of the transcription factor activator protein-1 with profiles different from those reported in nuclear extracts in murine brain. In particular, activator protein-1 DNA binding was almost undetectable at 25 degrees C in the presence of both KCl and MgCl2 in(More)
In eukaryotes, protein de novo synthesis is mainly under the control of transcription factors at the level of gene transcription in cell nuclei. Gel retardation electrophoresis was employed for determination of DNA-binding activity of the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP1), which is a dimer between c-Fos and c-Jun protein families. Binding of a(More)