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AIMS Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for heart failure. However, it also is a compensatory response to pressure overload, accommodating for increased workload. We tested whether the changes in energy substrate metabolism may be predictive for the development of contractile dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic pressure overload was(More)
PURPOSE The progression of left ventricular (LV) remodeling and subsequent mitral valve tethering impair the results of reduction annuloplasty for ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS We studied 90 patients who underwent surgical repair of ischemic MR between 1999 and 2013 according to our surgical strategy adding submitral and ventricular(More)
An 87-year-old man underwent aorto-bifemoral bypass using a bifurcated Bionit II knitted Dacron graft for high aortic occlusion in 1987 at another hospital. In November, 2004, he was admitted to our institution because of difficulty in walking due to swelling and tenderness in the right groin. Computed tomography (CT) scan indicated bilateral aneurysms of(More)
UNLABELLED GLP-1 and exendin-4, which are used as insulin sensitizers or weight reducing drugs, were shown to improve glucose uptake in the heart. However, the direct effects of GLP-1 or exendin-4 on normal hearts in the presence of fatty acids, the main cardiac substrates, have never been investigated. We therefore assessed the effects of GLP-1 or(More)
OBJECTIVE Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) makes the Cox-Maze procedure less complicated but cannot always achieve transmural lesions. In this study, we assessed whether repeated application of RFA could improve histological transmurality even in thick lesions. METHODS Left atrial appendages (LAA) amputated from 20 consecutive patients (age 68 ± 9 years, 9(More)
BACKGROUND Since reduction annuloplasty alone for ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) cannot prevent late recurrence of MR or improve survival for those with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and the surgical approach to this etiology is still controversial, we conducted a study to assess the efficacy of the additional papillary muscle approximation (PMA)(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathological changes in the myocardium in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are usually studied using endomyocardial biopsy specimens, but the relationship between pathological changes in the myocardium and clinical findings is unclear. The goal of the study was to examine correlations between clinical findings and histopathological findings(More)
OBJECTIVES The surgical treatment for thrombosed type A dissection is controversial because it has a better prognosis than with conservative therapy. We discuss the validity of conservative therapy for thrombosed type A dissection and examine the relationship between the morphology of the dissecting aorta and its operative indications. METHODS Subjects(More)
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common complication after cardiac surgery, despite improvements in anesthesia, surgical techniques, and medical therapies. Although beta-blockers have been proven to be effective, the incidence of POAF is around 20 % even with these agents. The mechanism of POAF is not fully elucidated and no optimal(More)