Learn More
Gibberellin (GA) 3-oxidase, a class of 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, catalyzes the conversion of precursor GAs to their bioactive forms, thereby playing a direct role in determining the levels of bioactive GAs in plants. Gibberellin 3-oxidase in Arabidopsis is encoded by a multigene family consisting of at least four members, designated AtGA3ox1 to(More)
We identified a novel mutation of a nuclear-encoded gene, designated as CRUMPLED LEAF (CRL), of Arabidopsis thaliana that affects the morphogenesis of all plant organs and division of plastids. Histological analysis revealed that planes of cell division were distorted in shoot apical meristems (SAMs), root tips, and embryos in plants that possess the crl(More)
We identified an embryo yellow (eye) mutation in Arabidopsis that leads to the abnormal coloration and morphology of embryos. The eye mutant formed bushy plants, with aberrant organization of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) and unexpanded leaves with irregular phyllotaxy. The epidermal cells of the eye mutant were much smaller than that of the wild-type.(More)
Visualizing organelles in living cells is a powerful method to analyze their intrinsic mechanisms. Easy observation of chlorophyll facilitates the study of the underlying mechanisms in chloroplasts, but not in other plastid types. Here, we constructed a transgenic plant enabling visualization of plastids in pollen grains. Combination of a plastid-targeted(More)
Plastids are maintained in cells by proliferating prior to cell division and being partitioned to each daughter cell during cell division. It is unclear, however, whether cells without plastids are generated when plastid division is suppressed. The crumpled leaf (crl) mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana is a plastid division mutant that displays severe(More)
The behaviour and multiplication of pollen plastids have remained elusive despite their crucial involvement in cytoplasmic inheritance. Here, we present live images of plastids in pollen grains and growing tubes from transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana lines expressing stroma-localised FtsZ1–green-fluorescent protein fusion in a vegetative cell-specific manner.(More)
Plastid protein import 2 (ppi2), a mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, lacks a homologue of a component of the translocon at the outer envelope membrane of chloroplasts (Toc), designated Toc159 of the pea. Toc159 is thought to be essential for the import of photosynthetic proteins into chloroplasts. In order to investigate the effect of protein import on the(More)
Rad51 paralogs belong to the Rad52 epistasis group of proteins and are involved in homologous recombination (HR), especially the assembly and stabilization of Rad51, which is a homolog of RecA in eukaryotes. We previously cloned and characterized two RAD51 paralogous genes in Arabidopsis, named AtRAD51C and AtXRCC3, which are considered the counterparts of(More)
Increased cellular ploidy is widespread during developmental processes of multicellular organisms, especially in plants. Elevated ploidy levels are typically achieved either by endoreplication or endomitosis, which are often regarded as modified cell cycles that lack an M phase either entirely or partially. We identified GIGAS CELL1 (GIG1)/OMISSION OF(More)
We identified a mutation in Arabidopsis that resulted in defective embryos, and we designated this mutation globular arrest1 (gla1). The predicted amino acid sequence encoded by the GLA1 gene is homologous to the amino acid sequences of folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) and dihydrofolate synthetase (DHFS), which participate in folate biosynthesis. The(More)