In most surgical training systems, task completion time and error ratio are common metrics of surgical skill. To avoid applying unnecessary and injurious force to the tissue, surgeons must know for themselves how much force they are exerting as they handle surgical tools. Our goal is to develop an endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) training system that… (More)
We compared performance in three kinds of endoscopic tasks -- a pegboard, incision, and suturing - under the monoscopic (2D) and stereoscopic (3D) visual conditions conducted for 1 hour in total. We also evaluated the degree of fatigue from the aspects of subjective and objective consciousness using the critical flicker frequency (CFF) test together with a… (More)
Smart Dry Lab (SDL) is a low-cost, AR-based surgical training box, using the ARToolKit API. This is an add-on function for existing surgical training box, which enables quantitative evaluation of forceps maneuver and simulation of soft tissue deformation. In this paper we demonstrate functionality of our prototype system.
It has been reported that many colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with synchronous or metachronous liver metastases underwent surgery subsequent to neoadjuvant combination chemotherapy with folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX), folinic acid, fluorouracil, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI), or capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX). However, there are… (More)
SUMMARY The discharge properties and chemical surface stability of CeO 2 containing Sr (CeSrO) as the candidate for high-γ protective layer of noble plasma display panels (PDPs) are characterized. CeSrO films have superior chemical stability, because of the decrease in reactiveness on surface due to their fluorite structure. The discharge voltage is 50 V… (More)