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Metastasis is a major cause of death in cancer patients and involves a multistep process including detachment of cancer cells from a primary cancer, invasion of surrounding tissue, spread through circulation, re-invasion and proliferation in distant organs. KiSS-1 is a human metastasis suppressor gene, that suppresses metastases of human melanomas and(More)
Only a few RFamide peptides have been identified in mammals, although they have been abundantly found in invertebrates. Here we report the identification of a human gene that encodes at least three RFamide-related peptides, hRFRP-1-3. Cells transfected with a seven-transmembrane-domain receptor, OT7T022, specifically respond to synthetic hRFRP-1 and hRFRP-3(More)
Tumor cells undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to convert from a benign to a malignant phenotype. Our recent focus has been signaling pathways that promote EMT in response to collagen. We have shown that human pancreatic cancer cells respond to collagen by up-regulating N-cadherin, which promotes tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis.(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is a major protein degradation pathway whose dysfunction is now widely accepted as a cause of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. Here we demonstrate that the F-box and leucine rich repeat protein2 (FBL2), a component of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, regulates amyloid precursor protein (APP)(More)
We have previously shown that N-cadherin expression is associated with tumor invasion, and that some cancer cells respond to specific extracellular matrix molecules by up-regulating N-cadherin. Pancreatic cancer is characterized by excessive deposition of type I collagen. Here, we show that human pancreatic cancer cells respond to collagen I, but not other(More)
Melatonin receptor agonists such as melatonin and ramelteon [(S)-N-[2-(1,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2H-indeno-[5,4-b]furan-8-yl)ethyl]-propionamide; TAK-375] have sleep-promoting effects in humans. In preclinical models, these effects are more similar to those observed in monkeys than in other species. However, in contrast to the human melatonin receptors, the(More)
BACKGROUND The dysfunction of protein degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome system is now widely accepted as one of the causes of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the pathological hallmarks of which are abnormal protein accumulation such as senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. OBJECTIVE To examine the expression of F-box and(More)
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