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So far some nuclear receptors for bile acids have been identified. However, no cell surface receptor for bile acids has yet been reported. We found that a novel G protein-coupled receptor, TGR5, is responsive to bile acids as a cell-surface receptor. Bile acids specifically induced receptor internalization, the activation of extracellular signal-regulated(More)
We searched for peptidic ligands for orphan G protein-coupled receptors utilizing a human genome data base and identified a new gene encoding a preproprotein that could generate a peptide. This peptide consisted of 43 amino acid residues starting from N-terminal pyroglutamic acid and ending at C-terminal arginine-phenylalanine-amide. We therefore named it(More)
OBJECTIVES Pleural lavage cytology is the microscopic study of cells obtained from saline instilled into and retrieved from the chest during surgery for non-small-cell lung cancer. The aims of this study were to collate multi-institutional individual patient data for meta-analysis to determine independence as a prognostic marker and to characterize the(More)
Hypothermia is the only neuroprotective therapy proven to be clinically effective. Identifying the molecules that play important roles in the efficacy of hypothermia, we developed a multi-channel computer-controlled system, in which the brain temperatures of freely moving rats were telemetrically monitored and maintained below 35 degrees C, and examined the(More)
The cadherin molecules at adherens junctions have multiple isoforms. Cadherin isoform switching (cadherin switching) occurs during normal developmental processes to allow cell types to segregate from one another. Tumor cells often recapitulate this activity and the result is an aggressive tumor cell that gains the ability to leave the site of the tumor and(More)
Metastin is encoded by a putative human metastasis suppressor gene KiSS-1, and is the cognate ligand of a G-protein-coupled receptor designated OT7T175. To study the physiological function(s) of metastin, we cloned rat and mouse KiSS-1 cDNAs both encoding 130-amino acid KiSS-1 proteins. Sequence analysis suggested that processing of the rat and mouse KiSS-1(More)
Expression of the Wilms' tumor gene WT1 in de novo lung cancer was examined using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Overexpression of the WT1 gene was detected by RT-PCR in 54/56 (96%) de novo non-small cell lung cancers examined and confirmed by detection of WT1 protein with an anti-WT1 antibody. Overexpression of the WT1 gene was(More)
BACKGROUND Apelin is an endogenous ligand for the G-protein-coupled 7-transmembrane receptor, APJ. The administration of apelin-13, a truncated 13-amino acid apelin peptide, in diet-induced obese mice is reported to result in a decrease in adiposity due to the increase of energy expenditure with an increase in the expression of uncoupling proteins. (More)
We evaluated the usefulness of a real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method for detecting occult tumor cells in histologically malignant-negative lymph nodes resected from patients with non-small cell lung cancer. First, we examined the relationship between tumor cell number and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a fundamental biological process whereby epithelial cells lose their polarity and undergo a transition to a mesenchymal phenotype. When cancer cells invade adjacent tissues, they use a mechanism akin to EMT, and understanding the molecular mechanisms that drive this transition will facilitate studies into new(More)