Yasushi Shintani

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So far some nuclear receptors for bile acids have been identified. However, no cell surface receptor for bile acids has yet been reported. We found that a novel G protein-coupled receptor, TGR5, is responsive to bile acids as a cell-surface receptor. Bile acids specifically induced receptor internalization, the activation of extracellular signal-regulated(More)
Tumor cells undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to convert from a benign to a malignant phenotype. Our recent focus has been signaling pathways that promote EMT in response to collagen. We have shown that human pancreatic cancer cells respond to collagen by up-regulating N-cadherin, which promotes tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis.(More)
We searched for peptidic ligands for orphan G protein-coupled receptors utilizing a human genome data base and identified a new gene encoding a preproprotein that could generate a peptide. This peptide consisted of 43 amino acid residues starting from N-terminal pyroglutamic acid and ending at C-terminal arginine-phenylalanine-amide. We therefore named it(More)
Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF, identical to prokineticin 1) is a novel peptide recently identified as a selective mitogen for endocrine gland endothelial cells. The present study demonstrates that EG-VEGF/prokineticin 1 and a peptide closely related to EG-VEGF, prokineticin 2, are cognate ligands of two orphan(More)
The cadherin molecules at adherens junctions have multiple isoforms. Cadherin isoform switching (cadherin switching) occurs during normal developmental processes to allow cell types to segregate from one another. Tumor cells often recapitulate this activity and the result is an aggressive tumor cell that gains the ability to leave the site of the tumor and(More)
Hypothermia is the only neuroprotective therapy proven to be clinically effective. Identifying the molecules that play important roles in the efficacy of hypothermia, we developed a multi-channel computer-controlled system, in which the brain temperatures of freely moving rats were telemetrically monitored and maintained below 35 degrees C, and examined the(More)
PURPOSE Postoperative acute exacerbation (AE) of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a serious complication in the surgical treatment for primary lung cancer combined with UIP. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of AE of UIP after a major lung resection. METHODS We retrospectively collected data for 40 patients who had been(More)
Expression of the Wilms' tumor gene WT1 in de novo lung cancer was examined using quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Overexpression of the WT1 gene was detected by RT-PCR in 54/56 (96%) de novo non-small cell lung cancers examined and confirmed by detection of WT1 protein with an anti-WT1 antibody. Overexpression of the WT1 gene was(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a fundamental biological process whereby epithelial cells lose their polarity and undergo a transition to a mesenchymal phenotype. When cancer cells invade adjacent tissues, they use a mechanism akin to EMT, and understanding the molecular mechanisms that drive this transition will facilitate studies into new(More)
BACKGROUND A computed tomographic-guided percutaneous needle biopsy (CTGNB) is useful as an option for pathologic diagnosis of lung cancer, especially in patients with peripheral small-sized nodules. We aimed to assess the risk of pleural seeding of cancer cells, leading to postoperative relapse with dissemination caused by the procedure. METHODS We(More)