Yasushi Shimo

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Remarkable human performance, such as playing the violin, is often based on motor skills that, once acquired, are retained for a long time. To examine how motor skills are retained, we trained monkeys and humans extensively to perform many visuomotor sequences and examined their performance after a long retention period of up to 18 months. For both monkeys(More)
The somatosensory-evoked blink response (SBR) is a newly identified blink reflex elicited by electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves. The present study was performed to investigate the physiological mechanism underlying the SBR elicited by median nerve stimulation in normal subjects. The peripheral afferents responsible for the SBR included(More)
We previously demonstrated that the organization of a learned sequential movement, after long-term practice, is based on the entire sequence and that the information pertaining to the sequence is largely specific to the hand used for practice. However, it remained unknown whether these characteristics are present from the beginning of learning. To answer(More)
parkin is the most frequent causative gene among familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Although parkin deficiency induces autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP, PARK2) in humans, parkin knockout (PKO) mice consistently show few signs of dopaminergic degeneration. We aimed to directly measure evoked extracellular dopamine (DA) overflow in the(More)
BACKGROUND Pathological gambling can develop in Parkinson's disease (PD), and impairment of decision-making may play an important role in the mechanism. To assess acute effects of bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) on decision-making, patients with PD who were eligible for STN-DBS were evaluated using the Iowa Gambling Task(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the activity of cortico-cortical (intracortical) inhibitory circuits within the motor cortex in patients with progressive asymmetric limb-kinetic apraxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied 4 patients with progressive limb-kinetic apraxia whose clinical diagnosis was corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and 7 control subjects.(More)
The rotarod test is widely used to evaluate the motor coordination of rodents, and is especially sensitive in detecting cerebellar dysfunction. However, mice with striatal dopamine depletion show only mild or no motor deficit on the typical accelerating rotarod. This suggests that dopamine-depleted mice are useful as animal models for non-motor symptoms,(More)
The authors report three Japanese families presenting with cortical tremor and epilepsy. The patients showed either tremulous finger movements or seizures as the initial symptoms between 19 and 30 years of the age without progression. Postural tremor resembled essential tremor and responded to the anticonvulsants such as clonazepam, primidone and sodium(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an extended-release tablet formulation of pramipexole (PPX-ER) given once daily when switched from an immediate-release tablet formulation (PPX-IR) given 3 times daily. This open-label study included 29 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) who were followed for 8 weeks. Primary endpoints(More)