Yasushi Sakata

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A standardized compression injury of rat spinal cord brought about a time-dependent biphasic production of thromboxane A2 (detected as thromboxane B2) and prostaglandin I2 (detected as 6-ketoprostaglandin F1alpha). Thromboxane B2 was predominant during the first 1 h, whereas the 6-ketoprostaglandin F1alpha level exceeded that of thromboxane B2 at 8 h(More)
Production of proinflammatory cytokines contributes to cardiac dysfunction during ischemia-reperfusion. The principal mechanism responsible for the induction of this innate stress response during periods of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion remains unknown. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a highly conserved pattern recognition receptor that has been implicated(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is associated with significant myocardial dysfunction. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates the inflammatory response to S aureus and may trigger an innate immune response in the heart. We hypothesized that a TLR2 deficiency would attenuate S aureus-induced cardiac proinflammatory mediator production and the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the synthesis of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a major mitogen and chemoattractant for vascular smooth muscle cells, was induced by the direct cell-to-cell interaction between human monocytes and umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs). METHODS PDGF protein and mRNA expression were(More)
Recently, a human megakaryoblastic cell line, CMK, was established from the peripheral blood of a megakaryoblastic leukemia patient with Down syndrome. Using this cell line, we studied the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytic cells in the presence of highly purified human hematopoietic factors and phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA). In a(More)
Chronic inhibition of NO synthesis induces cardiac hypertrophy independent of systemic blood pressure (SBP) by increasing protein synthesis in vivo. We examined whether ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) enalapril and temocapril and angiotensin II type-I receptor antagonists (angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) losartan and CS-866 can block cardiac hypertrophy and(More)
Diffuse optical remission spectra from the mammalian neocortex at visible wavelengths contain spectral features originating from the mitochondria. A new algorithm is presented, based on analytically relating the first differential of the attenuation spectrum to the first differential of the chromophore spectra, that can separate and calculate the oxidation(More)
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