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BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is associated with significant myocardial dysfunction. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates the inflammatory response to S aureus and may trigger an innate immune response in the heart. We hypothesized that a TLR2 deficiency would attenuate S aureus-induced cardiac proinflammatory mediator production and the(More)
Damaged mitochondria are removed by mitophagy. Although Atg32 is essential for mitophagy in yeast, no Atg32 homologue has been identified in mammalian cells. Here, we show that Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2-L-13) induces mitochondrial fragmentation and mitophagy in mammalian cells. First, we hypothesized that unidentified mammalian mitophagy receptors would(More)
Production of proinflammatory cytokines contributes to cardiac dysfunction during ischemia-reperfusion. The principal mechanism responsible for the induction of this innate stress response during periods of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion remains unknown. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a highly conserved pattern recognition receptor that has been implicated(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in dilated failing hearts, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition prevents left ventricular (LV) dilatation. However, it remains unclear whether activation of MMPs precedes or is secondary to LV remodeling, and an effect of ACE inhibition on MMPs is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Dahl(More)
Recently, a human megakaryoblastic cell line, CMK, was established from the peripheral blood of a megakaryoblastic leukemia patient with Down syndrome. Using this cell line, we studied the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytic cells in the presence of highly purified human hematopoietic factors and phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA). In a(More)
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) has become a social burden; however, evidences leading to its therapeutic strategy are lacking. This study investigated effects of addition of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) at advanced stage of DHF in hypertensive rats. Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed 8% NaCl diet(More)
A patient who suffered a recurring thrombosis over the last 15 yr has been investigated. The only abnormality found in this patient was a significantly depressed level of plasminogen activity in plasma. In spite of the depressed plasminogen activity, the patient was found to have a normal level of plasminogen antigen concentration. It was calculated that(More)
OBJECTIVE Remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) is considered to contribute to progression of left ventricular (LV) remodeling and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play crucial roles in regulation of ECM. Activation of MMPs is observed in systolic heart failure (SHF) and is suggested to be responsible for LV dilatation in SHF. Diastolic heart failure(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the synthesis of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a major mitogen and chemoattractant for vascular smooth muscle cells, was induced by the direct cell-to-cell interaction between human monocytes and umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs). METHODS PDGF protein and mRNA expression were(More)
The origin and developmental mechanisms underlying coronary vessels are not fully elucidated. Here we show that myocardium-derived angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is essential for coronary vein formation in the developing heart. Cardiomyocyte-specific Ang1 deletion results in defective formation of the subepicardial coronary veins, but had no significant effect on(More)