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Damaged mitochondria are removed by mitophagy. Although Atg32 is essential for mitophagy in yeast, no Atg32 homologue has been identified in mammalian cells. Here, we show that Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2-L-13) induces mitochondrial fragmentation and mitophagy in mammalian cells. First, we hypothesized that unidentified mammalian mitophagy receptors would(More)
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) has become a social burden; however, evidences leading to its therapeutic strategy are lacking. This study investigated effects of addition of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) at advanced stage of DHF in hypertensive rats. Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed 8% NaCl diet(More)
The origin and developmental mechanisms underlying coronary vessels are not fully elucidated. Here we show that myocardium-derived angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is essential for coronary vein formation in the developing heart. Cardiomyocyte-specific Ang1 deletion results in defective formation of the subepicardial coronary veins, but had no significant effect on(More)
Disruption of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor prolonged life span in mice. Since aging-related decline in skeletal muscle function was retarded in Atgr1a(-/-) mice, we examined the role of AT1 receptor in muscle regeneration after injury. Administration of AT1 receptor blocker irbesartan increased the size of regenerating myofibers, decreased fibrosis,(More)
Background—Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in dilated failing hearts, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition prevents left ventricular (LV) dilatation. However, it remains unclear whether activation of MMPs precedes or is secondary to LV remodeling, and an effect of ACE inhibition on MMPs is unknown. Methods and Results—Dahl(More)
An on-chip deformability checker is proposed to improve the velocity–deformation correlation for red blood cell (RBC) evaluation. RBC deformability has been found related to human diseases, and can be evaluated based on RBC velocity through a microfluidic constriction as in conventional approaches. The correlation between transit velocity and amount of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (CHF) with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFpEF) is observed in half of all patients with CHF and carries the same poor prognosis as CHF with reduced LV ejection fraction (HFrEF). In contrast to HFrEF, there is no established therapy for HFpEF. Chronic inflammation contributes to cardiac fibrosis, a(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared therapeutic effects of furosemide, a short-acting loop diuretic, and azosemide, a long-acting one, in hypertensive heart failure rats to test the hypothesis that long-acting diuretics are superior to short-acting types in heart failure. METHODS Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed an 8% NaCl diet from age 8 weeks were divided at age 21(More)
Grb2-associated binder (Gab) docking proteins regulate signals downstream of a variety of growth factors and receptor tyrosine kinases. Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1), a member of epidermal growth factor family, plays a critical role for cardiomyocyte proliferation and prevention of heart failure via ErbB receptors. We previously reported that Gab1 and Gab2 in the(More)