Yasushi Saeki

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Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a key transcription factor in inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immune processes. The ubiquitin pathway is crucial in regulating the NF-kappaB pathway. We have found that the LUBAC ligase complex, composed of the two RING finger proteins HOIL-1L and HOIP, conjugates a head-to-tail-linked linear polyubiquitin chain to(More)
PINK1 (PTEN induced putative kinase 1) and PARKIN (also known as PARK2) have been identified as the causal genes responsible for hereditary recessive early-onset Parkinsonism. PINK1 is a Ser/Thr kinase that specifically accumulates on depolarized mitochondria, whereas parkin is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that catalyses ubiquitin transfer to mitochondrial(More)
Cpdm (chronic proliferative dermatitis) mice develop chronic dermatitis and an immunodeficiency with increased serum IgM, symptoms that resemble those of patients with X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome and hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XHM-ED), which is caused by mutations in NEMO (NF-κB essential modulator; also known as IKBKG). Spontaneous null mutations(More)
The 26S proteasome is a highly conserved multisubunit protease that degrades ubiquitinated proteins in eukaryotic cells. The 26S proteasome consists of the proteolytic core particle (CP) and one or two 19S regulatory particles (RPs). Although the mechanisms of CP assembly are well described, the mechanism of RP assembly is largely unknown. Here, we show(More)
The 26 S proteasome, which catalyzes degradation of polyubiquitinated proteins, is composed of the 20 S proteasome and the 19 S regulatory particle (RP). The RP is composed of the lid and base subcomplexes and regulates the catalytic activity of the 20 S proteasome. In this study, we carried out affinity purification of the lid and base subcomplexes from(More)
Rpn10, a subunit of the 26S proteasome, has been proposed to act as a receptor for multiubiquitin chains in ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. However, studies on RPN10-deleted mutants in yeasts have suggested the presence of other multiubiquitin chain-binding factors functioning in ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. Here, we report that a mutant with a triple(More)
The 26S proteasome is a highly conserved multisubunit protease that degrades ubiquitinated proteins in eukaryotic cells. It comprises a 20S core particle and two 19S regulatory particles that are further divided into the lid and base complexes. The lid is a nine subunits complex that is structurally related to the COP9 signalosome and the eukaryotic(More)
Two canonical subunits of the 26S proteasome, Rpn10 and Rpn13, function as ubiquitin (Ub) receptors. The mutual arrangement of these subunits--and all other non-ATPase subunits--in the regulatory particle is unknown. Using electron cryomicroscopy, we calculated difference maps between wild-type 26S proteasome from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and deletion(More)
Cushing's disease is caused by corticotroph adenomas of the pituitary. To explore the molecular mechanisms of endocrine autonomy in these tumors, we performed exome sequencing of 10 corticotroph adenomas. We found somatic mutations in the USP8 deubiquitinase gene in 4 of 10 adenomas. The mutations clustered in the 14-3-3 protein binding motif and enhanced(More)
Rpn7 is one of the lid subunits of the 26 S proteasome regulatory particle. The RPN7 gene is known to be essential, but its function remains to be elucidated. To explore the function of Rpn7, we isolated and characterized temperature-sensitive rpn7 mutants. All of the rpn7 mutants obtained accumulated poly-ubiquitinated proteins when grown at the(More)