Yasushi Oya

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We have generated mice doubly deficient in both synthesis and degradation of galactosylceramide by cross-breeding twitcher mice and galactosylceramide synthase (UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase, CGT) knockout mice. The prediction that the phenotype of the doubly deficient mice should be the same as the cgt -/- mice, since the degrading enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND GNE myopathy (also called distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles or hereditary inclusion body myopathy) is an autosomal recessive myopathy characterised by skeletal muscle atrophy and weakness that preferentially involve the distal muscles. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding a key enzyme in sialic acid biosynthesis,(More)
Sphingolipid activator proteins (SAPs) A to D are lysosomal factors required in degradation of sphingolipids with short hydrophilic head groups and are derived from a precursor protein. Sap-B deficiency causes a variant of metachromatic leukodystrophy and sap-C deficiency causes a variant of Gaucher disease. Human total SAP deficiency has been reported in(More)
BACKGROUND Glucosamine (UDP-N-acetyl)-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE) myopathy, also called distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV) or hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM), is a rare, progressive autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the GNE gene. Here, we examined the relationship between genotype and clinical phenotype(More)
The correlation between regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and intelligence quotient (IQ) score was investigated in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) without severe dementia. We analyzed the (9mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer single-photon emission computed tomography quantitative images and Revised Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale scores of 44 PD patients(More)
We report the outcome of trial of clenbuterol in four adult muscular dystrophy patients. One patient with Becker type, one with Miyoshi type, and two with facioscapulohumeral type were given clenbuterol (30 or 40 micrograms/day) for 6 to 18 months. We evaluated muscle strength of isometric contraction, grip and pinch power, compound muscle action potentials(More)
Tissue distribution of beta-hexosaminidase was investigated using 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl N-acetyl beta-D-glucosaminide (X-Hex) as substrate in wild-type mice, four GM2 gangliosidosis model mice (Hexa-/-, Hexb-/-, Gm2a-/- and Hexa-/-Hexb-/-) and Hexb-/- mice that received bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In wild-type mice histochemical localization of(More)
Oxidant carcinogens interact with multiple cellular targets including membranes, proteins, and nucleic acids. They cause structural damage to DNA and have the potential to mutate cancer-related genes. At the same time, oxidants activate signal transduction pathways and alter the expression of growth- and differentiation-related genes. Indeed, the(More)
Diagnosis of adult-onset Pompe disease is sometimes challenging because of its clinical similarities to muscular dystrophy and the paucity of disease-specific vacuolated fibers in the skeletal muscle pathology. We describe two patients with adult-onset Pompe disease whose muscle pathology showed no typical vacuolated fibers but did show unique globular(More)
DNAJB6, which encodes DnaJ homolog, subfamily B, member 6 (DNAJB6) was recently identified as a causative gene for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1D (LGMD1D). DNAJB6 is a member of heat shock protein 40 and contains a J domain, G/F domain and C-terminal domain. Only three different mutations have been identified in 11 families. In this study, we(More)