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We estimate the distributional incidence of health care financing in 13 Asian territories that account for 55% of the Asian population. In all territories, higher-income households contribute more to the financing of health care. The better-off contribute more as a proportion of ability to pay in most low- and lower-middle-income territories. Health care(More)
PURPOSE To determine the incidence of Herpes zoster in patients with one of 17 specific underlying diseases compared with that in patients with other underlying diseases. METHODS We conducted a retrospective hospital-based cohort study using data from patients' electronic medical records for the period 2001-2007 of the Kitano Hospital Research Database.(More)
The purpose of this report is to analyze the clinicopathologic features of colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (MC), which is generally believed to have a poor prognosis, in an attempt to assess ways in which the surgical outcome can be improved. Clinicopathologic features of 44 patients with MC (6.6%), from among 662 patients with primary colorectal(More)
Research conducted over the past decade has increasingly focused on health inequality. The goals of improving the health of a population are now often expressed as the increase in the average level of health and the decrease in health inequality as clearly specified in the Healthy People 2010 and the World Health Report 2000. Using a nationally(More)
OBJECTIVES This report describes a study to explore the possibility of using data on sales of over-the- counter (OTC) medications as part of a routine syndromic surveillance system aimed at early detection of infections of public health concern. A retrospective evaluation was conducted of sales of OTC medications used to treat the common cold. This report(More)
Various toxic factors induced by endotoxin (Et) are thought to be deeply involved in the pathogenesis of severe infections. In this study, particular attention was paid to the role of the platelet-activating factor (PAF) in these conditions, and clinical and experimental studies were conducted on the relationship between PAF and the changes observed in the(More)
Cedar pollinosis in Japan affects nearly 25 % of Japanese citizens. To develop a treatment for cedar pollinosis, it is necessary to understand the relationship between the time of its occurrence and the amount of airborne cedar pollen. In the spring of 2009, we conducted daily Internet-based epidemiologic surveys, which included 1453 individuals. We(More)
We constructed a syndromic surveillance system to collect directly information on daily health conditions directly from local residents via the internet [web-based daily questionnaire for health surveillance system (WDQH SS)]. This paper considers the feasibility of the WDQH SS and its ability to detect epidemics. A verification study revealed that our(More)
Acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), primarily pneumonia, is the leading cause of death in children under the age of five. Bacterial ALRI is preceded by asymptomatic bacterial colonization. Bacterial colonization, therefore, may have an important role in the development of pneumonia in children. This case-control study was conducted in order to(More)
To determine the clinical efficacy of combined vaccination with 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PV) and influenza vaccine (IV) against pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic lung diseases (CLD), we conducted an open-label, randomized, controlled study among 167 adults with CLD over a 2-year period. Subjects were randomly assigned to a PV+IV group(More)