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RATIONALE No selective antagonists for the effects of MDMA have yet been identified. The structurally-similar, naturally-occurring plant alkaloid nantenine (9,10-methylenedioxy-1,2 dimethoxyaporphine) may represent such a compound. OBJECTIVES To investigate the capacity of nantenine to block and/or reverse MDMA-induced hyperthermia, lethality, locomotor(More)
Decreased cerebral blood flow causes cognitive impairments and neuronal injury in the progressive age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia. In the present study, we for the first time found that nobiletin, a novel leading compound for AD therapy, improved cerebral ischemia-induced memory deficits in(More)
Natural iridoid, picroside I (beta-D-glucopyranoside, 1a,1b,2,5a,6, 6a-hexahydro-6-hydroxy-1a-(hydroxymethyl)oxireno[4,5]cyclopenta[1, 2-c]pyran-2-yl, 6-(3-phenyl-2-propenoate)) or II (beta-D-glucopyranoside, 1a,1b,2,5a,6, 6a-hexahydro-6-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoyl)oxy]-1a-(hydroxymethyl )ox ireno[4,5]cyclopenta[1,2-c]pyran-2-yl) alone did not exhibit(More)
Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid found in citrus fruit peel, reportedly improves memory impairment in rodent models. Here we report its effect on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced motor and cognitive deficits. Nobiletin administration (50mg/kg i.p.) for 2 consecutive weeks improved motor deficits seen in MPTP-induced(More)
Angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF; or Angptl6) is a liver-derived, circulating factor and is considered to be a regulator of metabolic homeostasis. AGF is capable of counteracting both obesity and obesity-related insulin resistance. However, the target tissues and the molecular mechanisms underlying the antiobesity and antidiabetic actions of AGF have(More)
Increased expression of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) has recently been proved to be a crucial event for irremediable endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress resulting in the programmed cell death (apoptosis) of pancreatic β-cells. The present study demonstrated that treatment with 1-10 μg/ml tunicamycin, a potent revulsant of ER stress, drastically(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor plays a key role in learning and memory. Our recent studies have shown that nobiletin from citrus peels activates the cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway and ameliorates NMDA receptor antagonist-induced learning impairment by activating extracellular signal-regulated kinase. For the first(More)
Bisprasin, a unique bromotyrosine derivative containing a disulfide linkage, was isolated from a marine sponge of Dysidea spp. This compound caused a concentration-dependent (from 10 to 30 microM) increase in the (45)Ca(2+) release from the heavy fraction of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (HSR) of rabbit skeletal muscle in the same way as does(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cognitive and memory deterioration. Production and accumulation of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is central to the pathogenesis of AD. Recent studies have demonstrated that PKA/CREB-dependent signaling pathway and long-term potentiation are inhibited by sublethal(More)
Because the deposition of beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) is a consistent pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, inhibition of Abeta generation, prevention of Abeta fibril formation, or destabilization of preformed Abeta fibrils would be attractive therapeutic strategies for the treatment of AD. We examined the effects of several medicinal(More)