Yasushi Motoyama

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Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare cerebrovascular lesions. The authors report a rare case of pediatric pial AVF treated by direct disconnection with the aid of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography. A 3-year-old girl presented with developmental problems. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed brain atrophy and an anomalous left(More)
The authors report a case of high flow CCF with intracerebral hemorrhage during treatment with endovascular coil embolization. A 52-year-old woman had been in good health until a sudden onset of orbital bruit and left orbital tinnitus occurred. Conjunctival chemosis and diplopia caused by left abducens palsy gradually progressed. Left internal carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage (RLVD) in dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is associated with intracerebral hemorrhage and nonhemorrhagic neurological deficits or death. Angiographic evidence of RLVD is a definite indication for treatment, but less invasive methods of identifying RLVD are required. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the(More)
An 83-year-old man presented with gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence that had progressed over 2 months. Computed tomography (CT) of the brain revealed hydrocephalus due to a well-demarcated, round hyperdense mass in the third ventricle, which was not enhanced by contrast agent. Ten days after the initial evaluation, CT revealed that the(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly aggressive brain tumor for which novel therapeutic approaches, such as immunotherapy, are urgently needed. Zoledronate (ZOL), an inhibitor of osteoclastic activity, is known to stimulate peripheral blood-derived γδT cells and sensitize tumors to γδT cell-mediated killing. To investigate the feasibility of γδT cell-based(More)
Surgical treatment for degenerative spinal disorders is controversial, although lumbar fusion is considered an acceptable option for disabling lower back pain. Patients underwent instrumented minimally invasive anterior lumbar interbody fusion (mini-ALIF) using a retroperitoneal approach except for requiring multilevel fusions, severe spinal canal stenosis,(More)
A 39-year-old male presented with a spinal neurinoma originating from the T-1 anterior root and located ventral to the spinal cord. The tumor was removed by hemilaminectomy with only partial facetectomy without costotransversectomy. No stabilization was necessary, and no complications secondary to surgery occurred. Costotransversectomy is not necessary for(More)
The activity of bilirubin UDP-xylosyl transferase as well as UDP-glucuronyl transferase in liver biopsy specimens of 3 control subjects, 42 cases with liver disease and 5 cases with Gilbert's syndrome was measured. Normal values of these enzyme levels were determined to be 142--302 U/kg protein for the former and 260--400 U/kg protein for the latter. Both(More)
Fusiform aneurysms in the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are rare and challenging to treat. Surgical treatment options for a fusiform aneurysm in the PICA include trapping with/without bypass and wrap-clipping, when elimination of the pathological wall from the systemic circulation and prevention of perforator injury are important. In addition,(More)