Yasushi Kuraishi

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Capsaicin has been suggested to act not only on thin primary afferents but also on the hypothalamus, but the neurotransmitter(s) of central capsaicin-sensitive neurons are unknown. The present study was conducted to determine whether any central, especially hypothalamic, glutamatergic terminals were sensitive to capsaicin. Capsaicin evoked glutamate release(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is pruritogenic in humans and suggested to be involved in some pruritic diseases. Our experiments were carried out to determine whether an intradermal injection of 5-HT would elicit itch-associated response in mice and to elucidate the 5-HT receptor subtypes involved in this 5-HT action. 5-HT (14.1-235 nmol site(-1)) injected intradermally(More)
Morphine is frequently used for cancer patient's terminal medical care to relieve cancer pain. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of morphine on experimental lung metastasis and invasion of colon 26-L5 cells. Morphine was found to significantly reduce the number of tumor colonies and the weight of the tumor-containing lung. Morphine(More)
The present study was conducted to clarify whether relief from cancer pain by morphine would suppress tumor growth and metastasis. When given orthotopic inoculation of B16-BL6 melanoma cells into the hind paw, C57BL/6 mice showed moderate and marked hyperalgesia on days 7-10 and from day 14 post-inoculation, respectively. The volume of inoculated hind paw(More)
Rats exposed to a cold environment (4 degrees C) for 30 min every 1 h during the day and at night show a gradual decrease in the nociceptive threshold for pressure stimulation. Such hyperalgesia, referred to as repeated cold stress (RCS)-induced hyperalgesia, is stable for at least 4 h and maintained for 3 days only by exposing to cold overnight; thus, no(More)
The expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) mRNA in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum, and thalamus of rats was studied after transient forebrain ischemia. IL-1 beta mRNA was not detected in all these regions of sham-operated control rats. IL-1 beta mRNA was induced after transient forebrain ischemia and reached a detectable level in all(More)
Although the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is activated by the intracellular Ca(2+) signals evoked via Ca(2+) influx into neurons, little is known about how the activation of alternative BDNF gene promoters is controlled by the Ca(2+) signals evoked via N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDA-R) and L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels(More)
Telomere length of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 23 autologous HSCT patients ranging from 4 to 61 years old, and 46 allogeneic HSCT recipients from 6 to 52 years old were studied to confirm whether excessive shortening of telomeres is associated with HSCT. After autologous HSCT, telomere length of PBMCs ranged from 6.8 to 12.0 kb. The(More)
We examined whether opioids, especially morphine, would centrally elicit scratching in mice and determined some characteristics of the scratch-inducing action of opioids. When intracisternally (i.c.) injected, morphine (0.1-3 nmol/mouse) produced a dose-dependent increase in scratching of the face, but not of the ears, head and body trunk. When injected(More)
Nociceptin has been suggested to be involved in nociceptive processing in the spinal dorsal horn. To investigate whether the biosynthesis of nociceptin is altered in animals with nociceptive hypersensitivity, we examined effects of peripheral inflammation on the expression of prepronociceptin mRNA, especially in the dorsal root ganglion of the rat. Although(More)