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Capsaicin has been suggested to act not only on thin primary afferents but also on the hypothalamus, but the neurotransmitter(s) of central capsaicin-sensitive neurons are unknown. The present study was conducted to determine whether any central, especially hypothalamic, glutamatergic terminals were sensitive to capsaicin. Capsaicin evoked glutamate release(More)
Although the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is activated by the intracellular Ca(2+) signals evoked via Ca(2+) influx into neurons, little is known about how the activation of alternative BDNF gene promoters is controlled by the Ca(2+) signals evoked via N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDA-R) and L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels(More)
Rats exposed to a cold environment (4 degrees C) for 30 min every 1 h during the day and at night show a gradual decrease in the nociceptive threshold for pressure stimulation. Such hyperalgesia, referred to as repeated cold stress (RCS)-induced hyperalgesia, is stable for at least 4 h and maintained for 3 days only by exposing to cold overnight; thus, no(More)
The expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) mRNA in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum, and thalamus of rats was studied after transient forebrain ischemia. IL-1 beta mRNA was not detected in all these regions of sham-operated control rats. IL-1 beta mRNA was induced after transient forebrain ischemia and reached a detectable level in all(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is pruritogenic in humans and suggested to be involved in some pruritic diseases. Our experiments were carried out to determine whether an intradermal injection of 5-HT would elicit itch-associated response in mice and to elucidate the 5-HT receptor subtypes involved in this 5-HT action. 5-HT (14.1-235 nmol site(-1)) injected intradermally(More)
We examined the kainic acid-induced changes of mRNA levels of several cytokines such as IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF alpha and LIF in the rat brain regions using semiquantitative RT-PCR method. IL-1 beta mRNA was markedly increased in the cerebral cortex (CC), thalamus (THL) and hypothalamus (HT) 2 h after the injection of kainic acid in a convulsive dose (12 mg/kg(More)
We compared the behavioral effects of treatment with pruritogenic and algesiogenic agents in mice. The animals were given subcutaneous injections of pruritogenic agents, compound 48/80 (3-100 micrograms), substance P (10-300 micrograms) and histamine (3-300 micrograms), and algesiogenic agents, capsaicin (30 and 100 micrograms) and dilute formalin (5 mg of(More)
The effects of systemic administration of kainic acid and pentylenetetrazol on interleukin-1 beta gene expression in the rat brain was studied. After the administration of kainic acid in a convulsive dose (10 mg/kg i.p.), Interleukin-1 beta mRNA was induced intensely in the cerebral cortex, thalamus and hypothalamus, moderately in the hippocampus and weakly(More)
Oxaliplatin is a chemotherapy drug and induces peripheral neuropathy which is aggravated by exposure to cold, the mechanism of which is unclear. In the present study, we investigated in mice whether transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8), which is activated by cooling temperature, would be involved in cold allodynia induced by oxaliplatin. Mice(More)
To ascertain the involvement of galanin in nociceptive transmission in the spinal dorsal horn, we examined the effects of intrathecal injections of porcine galanin and its antiserum on behavioral nociceptive responses of the rat, using the paw-pressure and paw-radiant heat tests. An intrathecal injection of antiserum against porcine galanin reversed the(More)