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OBJECTIVE STAT4 encodes a transcriptional factor that transmits signals induced by several key cytokines, and it might be a key molecule in the development of autoimmune diseases. Recently, a STAT4 haplotype was reported to be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Caucasian populations. This was replicated in a(More)
Although thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are localized in the nucleus, only a few dozen have been functionally characterized. Here we show that nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), an essential lncRNA for the formation of nuclear body paraspeckles, is induced by influenza virus and herpes simplex virus infection as well as by Toll-like(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to establish a detection method for anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2A (NR2A) antibody and to evaluate the relationship between anti-NR2A antibody and various organ involvement in SLE. METHODS Serum anti-NR2A antibody was measured by ELISA using a peptide with a core of either DWEYS or DWDYS as autoantigen.(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that causes multiple organ damage. Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have contributed to discovery of SLE susceptibility genes, few studies has been performed in Asian populations. Here, we report a GWAS for SLE examining 891 SLE cases and 3,384 controls and multi-stage(More)
Viruses use alternative splicing to produce a broad series of proteins from small genomes by utilizing the cellular splicing machinery. Since viruses use cellular RNA binding proteins for viral RNA processing, it is presumable that the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs is affected by viral infection. Here, we showed that herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown that anti-C1q antibodies correlate with the occurrence and activity of nephritis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the significance of anti-C1q antibodies in SLE has not been fully characterized. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between anti-C1q antibodies and clinical and serologic(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute confusional state (ACS) is an uncommon but severe central nervous system (CNS) syndrome in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) defined by clinical manifestations. To develop useful and reliable diagnostic tools for ACS, we evaluated the association of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) tests with ACS and their predictive values for the diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVES To validate the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the connective tissue growth factor gene (CTGF) with susceptibility to systemic sclerosis (SSc) in the Japanese population. METHODS 395 Japanese patients with SSc, 115 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 269 healthy Japanese volunteers were enrolled in the study. An SNP(More)
OBJECTIVE Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a rare autoimmune arteritis that affects large arteries. Although the association between TAK and HLA-B 52:01 is established, the other susceptibility HLA-B alleles are not fully known. We performed genetic association studies to determine independent HLA-B susceptibility alleles other than HLA-B 52:01 and to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the cellular localization of interleukin 1alpha (IL-1alpha) in cultured fibroblasts from lesional skin of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to study the role of intracellular IL-1alpha in the activation of fibroblasts. METHODS Dermal fibroblasts were derived from 12 patients with SSc. Expression of IL-1alpha mRNA was examined(More)