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Viruses use alternative splicing to produce a broad series of proteins from small genomes by utilizing the cellular splicing machinery. Since viruses use cellular RNA binding proteins for viral RNA processing, it is presumable that the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs is affected by viral infection. Here, we showed that herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that causes multiple organ damage. Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have contributed to discovery of SLE susceptibility genes, few studies has been performed in Asian populations. Here, we report a GWAS for SLE examining 891 SLE cases and 3,384 controls and multi-stage(More)
Glycoprotein B (gB) is one of the essential components for infection by herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Although several cellular receptors that associate with glycoprotein D (gD), such as herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM) and Nectin-1, have been identified, specific molecules that mediate HSV-1 infection by associating with gB have not been elucidated.(More)
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), the prototype of the α-herpesvirus family, causes life-long infections in humans. Although generally associated with various mucocutaneous diseases, HSV-1 is also involved in lethal encephalitis. HSV-1 entry into host cells requires cellular receptors for both envelope glycoproteins B (gB) and D (gD). However, the gB(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system inflammatory disorder characterized by the presence of several autoantibodies, including anti-double-stranded DNA. Neuropsychiatric (NP)LE contributes to the prognosis of SLE, and is divided into 19 NPLE syndromes. Its mechanisms are mediated through autoantibodies, complement components, and cytokines.(More)
In order to locate amino acid residues involved in the formation of feline calicivirus (FCV) neutralizing epitopes, we analysed the capsid protein gene of monoclonal antibody neutralization-resistant variants of FCV. Amino acid substitutions in the variants were identified in the two hypervariable regions of the capsid protein. Four linear and two(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical manifestation and prognostic factors of anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) with DM. METHODS Fourteen patients who presented with anti-MDA5 antibody and 10 patients with anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibody were(More)
BACKGROUND In response to viral infection, the innate immune system recognizes viral nucleic acids and then induces production of proinflammatory cytokines and type I interferons (IFNs). Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and TLR9 detect viral RNA and DNA, respectively, in endosomal compartments, leading to the activation of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) and(More)
Infectivity of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in feline and human lymphoblastoid cell lines was examined using homogeneous populations of FIV derived from infectious molecular clones of strains TMZ and Petaluma, and two recombinant chimeric clones carrying gag, pol, vif and ORF-A from the heterologous virus. FIV from the clones with the env region of(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play a key role in antiviral immunity, but also contribute to the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases, by producing large amounts of type I IFNs. Although activation of pDCs is triggered by engagement of nucleotide-sensing toll-like receptors (TLR) 7 and 9, type I IFN induction additionally requires IkappaB kinase(More)