Yasushi Kasai

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We applied novel real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a LightCycler for quantitative detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA expressing tumor cells in the peripheral blood of colorectal cancer patients. Analysis of peripheral blood samples from 99 potentially curative colorectal cancer patients revealed a(More)
To increase the options for agents for gastric cancer chemotherapy, we performed a phase II clinical trial on the use of a 3-h infusion of paclitaxel to confirm its efficacy and the feasibility of its use in patients with advanced gastric cancer. Thirty-two (32) patients with measurable metastatic gastric cancer were enrolled in this study. Seventeen(More)
Assays based on the molecular detection of genetic changes in serum have been shown as potential diagnostic tools for colorectal cancer. We examined the methylation status of p16 in colorectal cancers using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Forty-four of 94 (47%) cancer DNA exhibited abnormal promoter methylation of p16 gene while no corresponding normal DNA(More)
We previously proved that p16 promoter methylation present in the tumors of colorectal cancer patients can be detected in the serum of those same patients using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To seek the possibility that this technique could be applied to the monitoring of cancer recurrence, we examined the p16 methylation using MSP. We detected tumor DNA(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We proved recently that PGP9.5-negative pancreatic cancer patients had significantly better survival rates compared with those who were PGP9.5 positive, and PGP9.5 may be a novel marker for indicating the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. In this study, we examined the expression of PGP9.5 in primary colorectal cancers(More)
Tamoxifen (Tam), the major drug for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, is converted to its active metabolites, Z- and Z'-endoxifen and 4-OH-Tam isomers, primarily by cytochrome P450 CYP2D6. In 117 patients taking 20 mg/day of Tam, we determined CYP2D6 genotypes and measured the plasma levels of Tam metabolites. The Z-endoxifen levels increased(More)
The adhesion of circulating cancer cells to the vascular endothelium is an important step in the hematogenous metastasis of cancer. Carbohydrate antigens, such as sialyl Le x and sialyl Le a, are expressed on the surface of cancer cells, and E-selectin is expressed on the surface of endothelial cells to effect this adhesion. ~ 3 The expression of E-selectin(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To date, the presence of p16 gene promoter methylation associated with loss of protein expression has been demonstrated frequently in digestive tract cancers. In this study, we tested for the methylation status of p16 promoter in normal tissue specimens using the methylation-specific PCR technique to examine whether p16(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, laparoscopy and laparoscopy-assisted surgery have been used increasingly as less-invasive alternatives to conventional open surgery. But the use of this approach in gastric carcinoma has received little attention, possibly from the low incidence of early-stage disease in the West and the relative complexity of the surgical procedure. (More)
The features of systemic hemodynamics were analyzed in 19 non-cirrhotic patients with prominent esophageal varices. The patients were divided into two groups; Group I comprised 8 patients with an occluded extra-hepatic portal vein and Group II comprised 11 patients with a patent extra-hepatic portal vein whose histopathological diagnosis was idiopathic(More)