Yasushi Kamisaka

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A rapid estimation method of the intracellular lipid content in microorganisms using a fluorescent probe, Nile red, was established by optimization of the Nile red staining and data processing. The protocol was designed to be applicable to a wide range of microorganisms and culture conditions. In the optimized procedure, cells diluted with buffer were(More)
Mortierella ramanniana var. angulispora accumulates triacylglycerol (TG) in lipid bodies. Studies on lipid transport into lipid bodies are essential for elucidating mechanisms of lipid body formation. We used fluorescent dyes and fluorescent lipid analogs to visualize lipid body formation with a confocal laser scanning microscope. Different sizes of lipid(More)
We previously found that SNF2, a gene encoding a transcription factor forming part of the SWI/SNF (switching/sucrose non-fermenting) chromatin-remodelling complex, is involved in lipid accumulation, because the Deltasnf2 disruptant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a higher lipid content. The present study was conducted to identify other factors that might(More)
Two clones with homology to known fatty acid desaturase genes were isolated from the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. The first gene, which we designate KlFAD2, consists of 411 amino acids with an overall identity of 73.0% to FAD2 from Saccharomyces kluyveri. It exhibited Delta12 fatty acid desaturase activity when expressed in S. cerevisiae under the control of(More)
Genes involved in lipid accumulation were identified in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using transposon insertion mutagenesis. Five ORFs, such as SNF2, IRA2, PRE9, PHO90, and SPT21 were found from the analysis of the insertion sites in transposon insertion mutants with higher lipid content. Since these ORFs are not directly involved in storage lipid biosynthesis,(More)
In an attempt to clarify the mechanism of lipid accumulation inMortierella ramanniana var.angulispora, diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) in the membrane fraction from this fungus was characterized. The enzyme had an optimum pH of 7.0–7.5, and enzyme activity was blocked by SH-reagents. Metal ions were not essential for maintaining DGAT(More)
Lipid production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae was improved by overexpression of the yeast diacylglycerol acyltransferase Dga1p lacking the N-terminal 29 amino acids (Dga1∆Np), which was previously found to be an active form in the ∆snf2 mutant. Overexpression of Dga1∆Np in the ∆snf2 mutant, however, did not increase lipid content as expected, which prompted(More)
Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains Δ9 fatty acid desaturase (OLE1) as a sole fatty acid desaturase, it produces saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of 16- and 18-carbon compounds. We showed earlier that Kluyveromyces lactis Δ12 (KlFAD2) and ω3 (KlFAD3) fatty acid desaturase genes enabled S. cerevisiae to make also polyunsaturated fatty acids(More)
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) [EC 2.3.1.20] was purified to apparent homogeneity from the lipid body fraction of an oleaginous fungus, Mortierella ramanniana var. angulispora. The enzyme was solubilized from the lipid body fraction with 0.1% Triton X-100, and purified by subsequent column chromatography on Yellow 86 agarose, Superdex-200,(More)
When the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are exposed to high concentration of ethanol, the content of oleic acid (C18:1n-9) increased as the initial concentration of ethanol increased. Based on this observation, we attempted to confer ethanol tolerance to S. cerevisiae by manipulating fatty acid composition of the cells. Rather than altering OLE1(More)