Yasushi Itakura

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We previously reported that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates both food intake and blood glucose metabolism in rodent obese diabetic models such as C57BL/KsJ-lepr(db)/lepr(db) (db/db) mice. To elucidate the effect of BDNF on glucose metabolism, we designed a novel pellet pair-feeding apparatus to eliminate the effect of appetite alteration(More)
We have previously demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ameliorates glucose metabolism and energy expenditure in obese diabetic db/db mice. In the present study, the effect of BDNF treatment on pancreatic islets of db/db mice was examined, using vehicle-treated pair-fed db/db mice as controls. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (10(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of the neurotrophin family. However, it is not yet known if BDNF works on the endocrine system itself. Here we report that BDNF improves hyperglycemia in obese diabetic animals. BDNF reduced the blood glucose level in obese db/db diabetic mice in which the effect of BDNF was age-dependent and high under(More)
AIM It has been reported previously that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates blood glucose metabolism in rodent obese diabetic models such as C57BL/KsJ-leprdb/leprdb (db/db) mice. BDNF further regulates energy expenditure, possibly through the central and autonomous nervous systems. In this study, we evaluated the effect of BDNF on both lipid(More)
We have previously shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, interacts with the endocrine system in obese diabetic mice, and systemic peripheral administration of BDNF regulates glucose metabolism in this model. Results from the present study show that the hypoglycemic effect induced by 2 weeks' daily(More)
We previously demonstrated that repetitive administration of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ameliorates glucose metabolism and energy expenditure in obese diabetic db/db mice. However, we have not evaluated in detail the effect of single or intermittent BDNF administration on glucose metabolism in a diabetic animal model. The objectives of this(More)
AIMS Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) ameliorates glucose metabolism in obese diabetic db/db mice. The antidiabetic effect of BDNF is dependent on plasma insulin levels, and BDNF enhances insulin action by modulating insulin signalling in peripheral tissues. The aim of the study was to compare the antidiabetic effects of BDNF with those of(More)
We previously reported that peripheral injection of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) exhibits hypophagic and hypoglycemic effects in obese hyperglycemic animals, indicating its antiobesity and antidiabetic effects. Since previous studies were focused on the effect of BDNF on overt diabetic animals with severe hyperglycemia, there was no evidence(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophins, has been reported to ameliorate hyperglycemia in obese diabetic animal models. To elucidate the mechanism of BDNF on glucose metabolism, we determined the glucose turnover under basal and euglycemic hyperinsulinemic (insulin infusion rate, 54 pmol. kg(-1). min(-1)) clamp conditions in(More)
Introduction. Amniotic membrane contains a multipotential stem cell population and is expected to possess the machinery to regulate immunological reactions. We investigated the safety and efficacy of allogeneic amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (AMSC) transplantation in a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia as a preclinical trial.(More)