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Transformants of maize inbred A188 were efficiently produced from immature embryos cocultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens that carried "super-binary" vectors. Frequencies of transformation (independent transgenic plants/embryos) were between 5% and 30%. Almost all transformants were normal in morphology, and more than 70% were fertile. Stable(More)
A novel aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a coastal solfataric vent at Kodakara-Jima Island, Japan. The new isolate, strain K1, is the first strictly aerobic organism growing at temperatures up to 100 degrees C. It grows optimally at 90 to 95 degrees C, pH 7.0, and a salinity of 3.5%. The cells are spherical shaped and 0.8 to 1.2 microns(More)
A novel extremely thermophilic bacterium was isolated from a shallow marine hydrothermal vent environment (depth, 22 m) in Tachibana Bay, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. The cells of this organism were gram-negative rods. Growth occurred at temperatures between 50 and 85 degrees C (optimum temperature, 80 degrees C; doubling time at optimum temperature, 90(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative disorder that affects the cerebellum and other areas of the central nervous system. We have devised a novel strategy, the direct identification of repeat expansion and cloning technique (DIRECT), which allows selective detection of expanded CAG repeats and cloning of the genes(More)
The classical type of programmed cell death is characterized by its dependence on de novo RNA and protein synthesis and morphological features of apoptosis. We confirmed that stimulated 2B4.11 (a murine T-cell hybridoma) and interleukin-3 (IL-3)-deprived LyD9 (a murine haematopoietic progenitor cell line) died by the classical type of programmed cell death.(More)
Oligodendroglial microtubular tangles (OMT), a distinctive oligodendroglial change, was observed in seven of eight cases of olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). This change was a well-defined glassy cytoplasmic structure showing intense argyrophilia. OMT were distributed in the brain stem, cerebellum, and basal ganglia where severe neurodegenerative changes(More)
A mAb J43 has been produced against the product of the mouse PD-1 gene, a member of the Ig gene superfamily, which was previously isolated from an apoptosis-induced T cell hybridoma (2B4.11) by using subtractive hybridization. Analyses by flow cytometry and immunoprecipitation using the J43 mAb revealed that the PD-1 gene product is a 50-55 kDa membrane(More)
E4BP4, a basic leucine zipper transcription factor, contains a DNA-binding domain closely related to DBP, HLF, and TEF, which are PAR proteins. Here, we show that the phase of e4bp4 mRNA rhythm is opposite to that of the dbp, hlf, and tef rhythms in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the mammalian circadian center, and the liver. The protein levels of E4BP4(More)
Recent progress in study on the molecular component of mammalian clocks has claimed that mammals and Drosophila share the similar fundamental clock oscillating system. In the present study, we investigated expression of Per1, the first gene of the mammalian homolog of the Drosophila clock gene period, in the hamster brain, and we also examined its circadian(More)
Peak rapid filling rate (PRFR) is often used clinically as an index of left ventricular relaxation, i.e., of early diastolic function. This study tests the hypothesis that early filling rate is a function of the atrioventricular pressure difference and hence is influenced by the left atrial pressure as well as by the rate of left ventricular relaxation. As(More)