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OBJECTIVE To investigate the involvement of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression on two monocyte subsets in the pathologic processes related to acute coronary syndrome. How monocytes, which have recently been shown to comprise two distinct subsets, mediate the process of coronary plaque rupture remains to be fully elucidated. Recent studies have shown(More)
BACKGROUND For the identification of functionally significant coronary artery disease, there have not been any dedicated optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies reported previously, although OCT can clearly detect coronary vessel lumina at higher resolution than intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS AND RESULTS OCT and fractional flow reserve (FFR)(More)
Autopsy studies have suggested that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represents a pan-coronary process of vulnerable plaque development. We performed multifocal optical coherence tomographic (OCT) examination to compare coronary lesion instability between AMI and stable angina pectoris (SAP). A total of 42 patients with AMI (n = 26) or SAP (n = 16) who had(More)
BACKGROUND Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging modality used for evaluation of coronary lesion morphology. However, current time-domain OCT (TD-OCT) have a number of limitations with regard to both procedural usage and safety in the clinical setting. The next-generation frequency-domain OCT (FD-OCT), which has a(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the morphological changes of nonculprit lipid-rich plaques and several clinical profiles in patients with non-ST-segment elevated acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). BACKGROUND Identification of coronary lesion with morphological characteristics of rupture-prone plaques is still(More)
BACKGROUND The detailed mechanism of plaque stabilization by statin therapy is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lipid-lowering therapy with 20 mg/day of atorvastatin versus 5 mg/day of atorvastatin on fibrous cap thickness in coronary atherosclerotic plaques by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). (More)
BACKGROUND Although an intracoronary frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system overcomes several limitations of the time-domain OCT (TD-OCT) system, the former requires injection of contrast media for image acquisition. The increased total amount of contrast media for FD-OCT image acquisition may lead to the impairment of renal function.(More)
Increased neovascularization in atherosclerotic plaques is associated with plaque vulnerability. The high resolution of optical coherence tomography (OCT) might provide a chance to directly visualize plaque neovascularization in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between microchannels in culprit plaques identified by OCT and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of culprit lesion morphologies assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). BACKGROUND Autopsy studies have reported that rupture of a thin-cap fibroatheroma and(More)
The characteristics of coronary artery calcium responsible for vulnerable plaque remain incompletely elucidated. We used optical coherence tomography to investigate the characteristics of coronary calcium in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and stable angina pectoris (SAP). We evaluated calcium deposits in the culprit(More)