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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of culprit lesion morphologies assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). BACKGROUND Autopsy studies have reported that rupture of a thin-cap fibroatheroma and(More)
BACKGROUND Although an intracoronary frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system overcomes several limitations of the time-domain OCT (TD-OCT) system, the former requires injection of contrast media for image acquisition. The increased total amount of contrast media for FD-OCT image acquisition may lead to the impairment of renal function.(More)
BACKGROUND The detailed mechanism of plaque stabilization by statin therapy is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lipid-lowering therapy with 20 mg/day of atorvastatin versus 5 mg/day of atorvastatin on fibrous cap thickness in coronary atherosclerotic plaques by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). (More)
BACKGROUND A strategy of deferred percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary stenosis with fractional flow reserve (FFR) 0.75-0.80, termed the gray zone, remains a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of deferring revascularization for patients with FFR 0.75-0.80 compared with those with FFR >0.80. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND Autopsy studies have reported that rupture of a thin-cap fibroatheroma and subsequent thrombus formation is the major mechanism leading to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, it is not clear why only some plaque ruptures lead to ACS. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution imaging modality which is capable of investigating(More)
The characteristics of coronary artery calcium responsible for vulnerable plaque remain incompletely elucidated. We used optical coherence tomography to investigate the characteristics of coronary calcium in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and stable angina pectoris (SAP). We evaluated calcium deposits in the culprit(More)
BACKGROUND Late stent thrombosis (LST) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is a major clinical problem that has not been fully explained. Incomplete neointimal coverage of stent struts is an important morphometric predictor of LST, which may be associated with impaired healing and the absence of full coverage of struts at branch-point ostia. Optical(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the morphological changes of nonculprit lipid-rich plaques and several clinical profiles in patients with non-ST-segment elevated acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). BACKGROUND Identification of coronary lesion with morphological characteristics of rupture-prone plaques is still(More)
BACKGROUND Neointima inside the bare-metal stents (BMSs) can transform into atherosclerotic tissue during an extended follow-up because of a persistent inflammatory reaction to the metal. We sought to investigate whether strut thickness may impact on the atherosclerotic change in neointima 4 years or more after BMS implantation using optical coherence(More)
OBJECTIVES Late in-stent restenosis (ISR) is an important clinical issue in the drug-eluting stent era. Autopsy studies have reported different underlying mechanisms between early ISR and late ISR. The aim of the present study was to compare the neointimal tissue appearance between early ISR (<1 year) and late ISR (>1 year) after sirolimus-eluting stent(More)