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Gene expression in eukaryotes depends upon positioning, mobility and packaging of nucleosomes; thus, we need the detailed information of the human nucleosome core particle (NCP) structure, which could clarify chromatin properties. Here, we report the 2.5 A crystal structure of a human NCP. The overall structure is similar to those of other NCPs reported(More)
Intrinsically disordered (ID) regions of proteins are recognized to be involved in biological processes such as transcription, translation, and cellular signal transduction. Despite the important roles of ID regions, effective methods to observe these thin and flexible structures directly were not available. Herein, we use high-speed atomic force microscopy(More)
FACT is a heterodimer of SPT16 and SSRP1, which each contain several conserved regions in the primary structure. The interaction of FACT with nucleosomes induces chromatin remodeling through the combinatorial action of its distinct functional protein regions. However, there is little mechanistic insight into how these regions cooperatively contribute to(More)
The intrinsically disordered region (IDR) of a protein is an important topic in molecular biology. The functional significance of IDRs typically involves gene-regulation processes and is closely related to posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation. We previously reported that the Drosophila facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) protein(More)
To construct a DNA-linked RNase H, which cleaves RNA site-specifically at high temperatures, the 15-mer DNA, which is complementary to the polypurine-tract sequence of human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA (PPT-RNA), was cross-linked to the unique thiol group of Cys135 in the Thermus thermophilus RNase HI variant. The resultant DNA-linked enzyme(More)
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