Learn More
Gene expression in eukaryotes depends upon positioning, mobility and packaging of nucleosomes; thus, we need the detailed information of the human nucleosome core particle (NCP) structure, which could clarify chromatin properties. Here, we report the 2.5 A crystal structure of a human NCP. The overall structure is similar to those of other NCPs reported(More)
Intrinsically disordered (ID) regions of proteins are recognized to be involved in biological processes such as transcription, translation, and cellular signal transduction. Despite the important roles of ID regions, effective methods to observe these thin and flexible structures directly were not available. Herein, we use high-speed atomic force microscopy(More)
FACT is a heterodimer of SPT16 and SSRP1, which each contain several conserved regions in the primary structure. The interaction of FACT with nucleosomes induces chromatin remodeling through the combinatorial action of its distinct functional protein regions. However, there is little mechanistic insight into how these regions cooperatively contribute to(More)
The atomic view of the active site coupling termed channelling is a major subject in molecular biology. We have determined two distinct crystal structures of the bacterial multienzyme complex that catalyzes the last three sequential reactions in the fatty acid beta-oxidation cycle. The alpha2beta2 heterotetrameric structure shows the uneven ring(More)
We have analyzed the cleavage specificities of various prokaryotic Type 2 ribonucleases H (RNases H) on chimeric DNA-RNA-DNA/DNA substrates containing one to four ribonucleotides. RNases HII from Bacillus subtilis and Thermococcus kodakaraensis cleaved all of these substrates to produce a DNA segment with a 5'-monoribonucleotide. Consequently, these enzymes(More)
The intrinsically disordered region (IDR) of a protein is an important topic in molecular biology. The functional significance of IDRs typically involves gene-regulation processes and is closely related to posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation. We previously reported that the Drosophila facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) protein(More)
To investigate the role of the phosphate group 3' to the scissile phosphodiester bond of the substrate in the catalytic mechanism of Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI (RNase HI), we have used modified RNA-DNA hybrid substrates carrying a phosphorothioate substitution at this position or lacking this phosphate group for the cleavage reaction. Kinetic(More)
Escherichia coli RNase HI has two Mn(2+)-binding sites. Site 1 is formed by Asp10, Glu48, and Asp70, and site 2 is formed by Asp10 and Asp134. Site 1 and site 2 have been proposed to be an activation site and an attenuation site, respectively. However, Glu48 and Asp134 are dispensable for Mn(2+)-dependent activity. In order to identify the Mn(2+)-binding(More)
The activities of the eight mutant proteins of Escherichia coli RNase HI, in which the four carboxylic amino acids (Asp(10), Glu(48), Asp(70), and Asp(134)) involved in catalysis are changed to Asn (Gln) or Ala, were examined in the presence of Mn(2+). Of these proteins, the E48A, E48Q, D134A, and D134N proteins exhibited the activity, indicating that(More)