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Norovirus (NV) is the most common causative agent of nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Reports of surveillance of NV in facilities that reported outbreaks are frequently found in publications, but reports of that in facilities without outbreaks are not found. We investigated the molecular epidemiology of NV isolates derived from asymptomatic food handlers(More)
We screened 457 Haemophilus influenzae strains isolated in Japan during 2002 to 2004 and identified 12 fluoroquinolone-resistant strains (2.6%). The resistant strains were divided into three genotypes (eight, three, and one of each type). These were isolated from patients over 58 years of age. Several fluoroquinolone-resistant clones appeared to have(More)
Any increase in beta-lactam-resistant Haemophilus influenzae is a serious problem in respiratory and otolaryngology medicine. In this study, we examined the antibiotic susceptibility and genotype of 457 clinical Haemophilus influenzae strains isolated in Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. Strains with beta-lactam-resistant mutations in gene encoding(More)
BACKGROUND Fluoroquinolone-resistant and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-carrying multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli have become severely problematic. In particular, a lineage of multilocus sequence-type ST131 which belongs to O25:H4 and carries ESBL CTX-M-15 has spread worldwide. METHODS Fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli strains were isolated from(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, especially a lineage of O25b:H4-ST131, has increased and spread worldwide. The surveillance of cross-resistance of E. coli is necessary. METHODS Cross-resistance to fluoroquinolones (FQs) and aminoglycosides (AGs) was examined in E. coli isolated in Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan, between 2008 and 2009. (More)
We evaluated the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters of 8 oral quinolones (ciprofloxacin, garenoxacin [GRNX], gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, prulifloxacin, sitafloxacin, and sparfloxacin) on 11 fluoroquinolone-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains, screened from 780 strains isolated from various clinical sources in Japan. GRNX showed(More)
We recently isolated a tumoricidal peptide from Natto, a Japanese traditional fermented food. In the present study, antimicrobial activity of the Natto peptide was examined. The peptide consisted of 45 amino acid residues, and its structure was predicted to be rich in α-helix. It excreted antimicrobial activity only against Streptococcus pneumoniae and(More)
OBJECTIVE Serotypeable strains of Haemophilus influenzae, which can cause invasive infections, are found in the respiratory tract at low frequencies. We compared the antibiotic resistance of the typeable and nontypeable strains of H. influenzae in respiratory tract specimens obtained in Japan. METHODS We determined the serotypes and the antibiotic(More)
In recent years, multidrug resistance of Escherichia coli has become a serious problem. However, resistance to fosfomycin (FOM) has been low. We screened E. coli clinical isolates with reduced susceptibility to FOM and characterized molecular mechanisms of resistance and reduced susceptibility of these strains. Ten strains showing reduced FOM susceptibility(More)
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