Yasuo Nakamura

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Temporal changes in benthic food web structure were analyzed in an artificial tidal flat in inner Tokyo Bay, Japan, using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ(13)C and δ(15)N). Microphytobenthos were the most important food sources of macrozoobenthos, due to high microphytobenthic biomass on the tidal flat, while phytoplankton in canal water (canal(More)
To assess the roles of the ark shell Scapharca subcrenata in material cycling in the northern part of Ariake Sound (Mae-no-umi). Japan, filtration of the ark shell fed on small diatoms was examined as a function of environmental and biological variables. The clearance rate (CR) specific to the soft-body dry weight (w) of the animals (shell length, 8–26 mm)(More)
The ecological importance of appendicularians Oikopleura dioica and O. longicauda, and a doliolid Dolioletta gegenbauri as metazoan secondary producers was assessed in summer 1997 in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Blooms by the appendicularians occurred twice within a month following peaks of pico-/nanoplankton biomass. The biomass of Oikopleura spp. averaged(More)
We conducted a one-year survey of macrozoobenthic community structure at 5 stations in a eutrophic canal in inner Tokyo Bay, focusing on the impacts of hypoxia, sediment H2S, and species interaction in the littoral soft-bottom habitats. Complete defaunation or decreasing density of less-tolerant taxa occurred under hypoxia during warmer months, especially(More)
We assessed the reproductive cycle of the venerid clam Meretrix lusoria by histological analysis of the gonads. Individuals for study were collected from natural populations on the Shirakawa tidal flat, Ariake Sound, and from populations that had been transplanted from the Shirakawa flat to the Oi flat in Tokyo Bay. In both study areas, the reproductive(More)
The ark shell Anadara granosa is a species peculiar to the Ariake Sound. To determine why distribution of A. granosa in Japan is largely confined to this area, we examined feeding and growth of A. granosa as functions of environmental and biological variables. The results were compared with those of another ark shell Scapharca subcrenata, which is(More)
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