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As new Ca 2ϩ channel genes are cloned, it is apparent that these two alphabetical nomenclatures will overlap at ␣ 1L , which may not mediate an L-type Ca 2ϩ current and Voltage-gated Ca 2ϩ channels mediate calcium influx in therefore may create confusion. Moreover, the present response to membrane depolarization and regulate in-alphabetical nomenclature(More)
The primary structure of a voltage-dependent calcium channel from rabbit brain has been deduced by cloning and sequencing the complementary DNA. Calcium channel activity expressed from the cDNA is dramatically increased by coexpression of the alpha 2 and beta subunits, known to be associated with the dihydropyridine receptor. This channel is a high(More)
Transcripts for the class A Ca2+ channel alpha 1 subunit (also known as BI) are present at high levels in many parts of the mammalian CNS and are widely assumed to encode the P-type Ca2+ channel. To characterize the biophysical and pharmacological properties of alpha 1A channels, macroscopic and single-channel recordings were made in Xenopus oocytes(More)
The structure-function relationship of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) has been effectively studied by the combination of complementary DNA manipulation and single-channel current analysis. Previous work with chimaeras between the Torpedo californica and bovine AChR delta-subunits has shown that the region comprising the hydrophobic segment M2(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins form plasma-membrane cation channels that act as sensors for diverse cellular stimuli. Here, we report a novel activation mechanism mediated by cysteine S-nitrosylation in TRP channels. Recombinant TRPC1, TRPC4, TRPC5, TRPV1, TRPV3 and TRPV4 of the TRPC and TRPV families, which are commonly classified as(More)
Recent genetic analyses have revealed an important association of the gene encoding the P/Q-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel alpha(1A) subunit with hereditary neurological disorders. We have identified the ataxic mouse mutation, rolling Nagoya (tg(rol)), in the alpha(1A) gene that leads to a charge-neutralizing arginine-to-glycine substitution at(More)
Hereditary ataxic mice, tottering (tg) and rolling Nagoya (tg(rol)), carry mutations in the P/Q-type Ca(2+) channel alpha(1A) subunit gene. The positions of the mutations and the neurological phenotypes are known, but the mechanisms of how the mutations cause the symptoms and how the different mutations lead to various onset and severity have remained(More)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is the most frequent cause of hereditary grand mal seizures. We previously mapped and narrowed a region associated with JME on chromosome 6p12-p11 (EJM1). Here, we describe a new gene in this region, EFHC1, which encodes a protein with an EF-hand motif. Mutation analyses identified five missense mutations in EFHC1 that(More)
Stargazer mice have spike-wave seizures characteristic of absence epilepsy, with accompanying defects in the cerebellum and inner ear. We describe here a novel gene, Cacng2, whose expression is disrupted in two stargazer alleles. It encodes a 36-kD protein (stargazin) with structural similarity to the gamma subunit of skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium(More)
Dendritic localization of the alpha subunit of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (alphaCaMKII) mRNA in CNS neurons requires its 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). We investigated this targeting mechanism by identifying two cis-acting elements in the 3'UTR. One is a 30-nucleotide element that mediated dendritic translocation. A homologous sequence in(More)