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A strong candidate for the 17q-linked BRCA1 gene, which influences susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer, has been identified by positional cloning methods. Probable predisposing mutations have been detected in five of eight kindreds presumed to segregate BRCA1 susceptibility alleles. The mutations include an 11-base pair deletion, a 1-base pair(More)
Previous studies suggested that one or more genes on chromosome 5q21 are responsible for the inheritance of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Gardner's syndrome (GS), and contribute to tumor development in patients with noninherited forms of colorectal cancer. Two genes on 5q21 that are tightly linked to FAP (MCC and APC) were found to be somatically(More)
We examined somatic mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene in 63 colorectal tumors (16 adenomas and 47 carcinomas) developed in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and non-FAP patients. In addition to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the APC locus in 30 tumors, 43 other somatic mutations were detected. Twenty-one of them were point(More)
The APC gene is responsible for familial adenomatous polyposis and is considered to be a tumor suppressor gene associated with development of sporadic colorectal tumors. Here we report the disruption of the APC gene caused by somatic insertion of a long interspersed repetitive element (LINE-1 sequence) into the last exon of the APC gene in a colon cancer.(More)
A locus for familial melanoma, MLM, has been mapped within the same interval on chromosome 9p21 as the gene for a putative cell cycle regulator, p16INK4 (CDKN2) MTS1. This gene is homozygously deleted from many tumour cell lines including melanomas, suggesting that CDKN2 is a good candidate for MLM. We have analysed CDKN2 coding sequences in pedigrees(More)
The clinical characteristics of vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms occurring with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were reviewed in 42 patients, with particular focus on the time, incidence, and outcome in association with subsequent rupture. Twenty-nine patients underwent 31 surgical procedures, and the remaining 13 patients were managed without surgery.(More)
We searched for germ-line mutations of the APC gene in 79 unrelated patients with familial adenomatous polyposis using a ribonuclease protection analysis coupled with polymerase chain reaction amplifications of genomic DNA. Mutations were found in 53 patients (67%); 28 of the mutations were small deletions and 2 were 1- to 2-base-pair insertions; 19 were(More)
A gene called "prohibitin" was isolated as a candidate antiproliferating gene in rat liver cells. We have isolated the human homologue of the rat prohibitin gene and mapped it to chromosome 17q12-21 where a gene responsible for hereditary breast cancer was localized. DNA sequence analysis of 2 exons in this gene in 23 sporadic breast cancers, which showed(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was found to be a growth factor of renal cell carcinomas Furthermore, renal cell carcinomas freshly isolated from the patients expressed mRNA of IL-6 and secreted biologically active IL-6 under the culture conditions where the tumor cells could grow, but they did not produce IL-6 nor proliferate in the absence of fetal calf serum. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Knowing the exact location of the optic radiation preoperatively is important for surgery of the temporal lobe. We hypothesized that a greater number of motion-probing gradients (MPGs) would provide better results of diffusion tensor (DT) fiber tractography of the optic radiation. To test this hypothesis, this study evaluated(More)