Koichi Wakabayashi32
Fumiaki Mori28
Kunikazu Tanji21
32Koichi Wakabayashi
28Fumiaki Mori
21Kunikazu Tanji
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Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) plays a crucial role in aggresome formation, resulting in the clearance of misfolded proteins. Previous studies have shown that HDAC6 is concentrated in Lewy bodies (LBs) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with LBs (DLB) (Cell 115: 727-738, 2003). We performed immunohistochemical and ultrastructural investigations on the(More)
The histopathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the presence of fibrillar aggregates referred to as Lewy bodies (LBs), in which α-synuclein is a major constituent. Pale bodies, the precursors of LBs, may serve the material for that LBs continue to expand. LBs consist of a heterogeneous mixture of more than 90 molecules, including PD-linked(More)
BACKGROUND The histological hallmark of multiple system atrophy (MSA) is the presence of filamentous aggregations of phosphorylated α-synuclein in oligodendrocytes, referred to as glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs). Although GCIs can occur widely in the central nervous system, accumulation of phosphorylated α-synuclein in Schwann cells has not been(More)
Maladaptive plasticity at corticostriatal synapses plays an important role in the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia. Recently, it has been shown that synaptic plasticity is closely linked to morphologic changes of dendritic spines. To evaluate morphologic changes of dendritic spines of two types of striatal medium spiny neurons, which project to(More)
Cystatin C (CC), a cysteine protease inhibitor involved in protein degradation, is a marker of Bunina bodies in lower motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). TAR-DNA binding protein-43 (TDP-43)-immunoreactive inclusions are also histological hallmarks of ALS but whether CC is found in motor neurons with or without TDP-43-positive inclusions in(More)
The histological hallmark of multiple system atrophy (MSA) is accumulation of phosphorylated α-synuclein in oligodendrocytes. However, it is uncertain whether phosphorylated α-synuclein accumulates in astrocytes of MSA patients. We immunohistochemically examined the frontal and temporal lobes, basal ganglia, cerebellum, brainstem and spinal cord of patients(More)
In Lewy body disease (LBD) such as dementia with LBs and Parkinson's disease, several lines of evidence show that disrupted proteolysis occurs. p62/SQSTM1 (p62) is highly involved with intracellular proteolysis and is a component of ubiquitin-positive inclusions in various neurodegenerative disorders. However, it is not clear whether p62 deficiency affects(More)
Background. It is often difficult to differentiate Parkinson's disease (PD) from multiple system atrophy (MSA), especially in their early stages. Objectives. To examine the clinical utility of histopathological analysis of biopsied skin from the chest wall and/or leg in differentiating between the two diseases. Methods. Skin biopsies from the lower leg(More)