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A number of type-II classic cadherin cell-cell adhesion molecules are expressed in the brain. To investigate their roles in brain morphogenesis, we selected three type-II cadherins, cadherin-6 (cad6), -8 (cad8) and -11 (cad11), and mapped their expressions in the forebrain and other restricted regions of postnatal mouse brains. In the cerebral cortex, each(More)
Formation of parametric images requires voxel-by-voxel estimation of rate constants, a process sensitive to noise and computationally demanding. A model-based clustering method for a two-parameter model (CAKS) was extended to the FDG three-parameter model. The concept was to average voxels with similar kinetic signatures to reduce noise. Voxel kinetics were(More)
In the present study, oculomotor abnormalities were investigated in 24 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Pursuit gain, slow and fast phase velocity of optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), saccade latency, amplitude and velocity, as well as vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain were quantitatively analyzed. Twenty-one out of 24 patients showed some(More)
Accumulation of [11C]flumazenil (FMZ) reflects central nervous system benzodiazepine receptor (BZR). We searched for the optimal time for a static PET scan with FMZ as semi-quantitative imaging of BZR distribution. In 10 normal subjects, a dynamic series of decay-corrected PET scans was performed for 60 minutes, and the arterial blood was sampled during the(More)
Cadherin-11 (cad11 or OB-cadherin) was previously identified as a mesenchymal cell-cell adhesion molecule. Here we studied the expression of cad11 transcripts in developing brains derived from E11.5 to E16.5 mouse embryos. In the brains at these stages, cad11 was expressed in various patterns, which could be grouped into three categories. First, cad11(More)
It has long been known that the oculomotor system is not involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In early stages. Some authors suggest oculomotor abnormalities in some patients. In the present study, quantitative analysis of ocular movements including smooth pursuit eye movements, optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), visual suppression of vestibular(More)
Previous neuroimaging studies identified a large network of cortical areas involved in visual imagery in the human brain, which includes occipitotemporal and visual associative areas. Here we test whether the same processes can be elicited by tactile and auditory experiences in subjects who became blind early in life. Using positron emission tomography,(More)
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans yields a substance(s) inducing the larval diapause, called dauer-inducing pheromone. We discovered that the crude pheromone extract extends the adult lifespan in the animal. This extension does not occur in the mutant animal, in which expansion of the lifespan caused by other mutations reducing insulin signaling is(More)
In an attempt to isolate novel molecules involved in motoneuron differentiation and target muscle innervation during embryogenesis, we performed mRNA differential display analysis by comparing cDNAs of motoneurons purified by immunopanning from different portions along the rostro-caudal axis of chick embryonic spinal cord, and cloned an immunoglobulin(More)
Parametric images are formed by analyzing the concentration history of every voxel in PET data sets. Because PET concentration data at the voxel level are rather noisy, noise propagation into the parametric image is often quite noticeable. To address this problem, a model-based clustering method has been developed to generate parametric images. The basic(More)