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Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in Asia. Although surgery is the standard treatment for this disease, early detection and treatment is the only way to reduce mortality. This Review summarises the epidemiology of gastric cancer, and the evidence for, and current practices of, screening in Asia. Few Asian countries have(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There have been few reports on the objective assessment of quality of life (QOL) in patients with gastric cancer following palliative operations. The benefit of a palliative operation for survival and QOL of patients with gastric cancer is not clear. METHODS Survival and hospital-free survival (HFS), which is considered to be one(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to determine whether continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI) of the protease inhibitor, nafamostat mesylate, in acute necrotizing pancreatitis, would reduce mortality. In addition, the effectiveness of CRAI of the antibiotic imipenem in combination with nafamostat was investigated for its effect in preventing secondary(More)
BACKGROUND In colorectal carcinoma, venous invasion has been related to patient survival. Liver metastasis develops more frequently when venous invasion is present. However, the histologic features and clinical significance of venous invasion are not well understood. METHODS A histologic study of venous invasion in colorectal carcinoma was performed on 19(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS An increased prevalence of reflux esophagitis has been reported following Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication in patients with duodenal ulcers in Western countries. However, it has remained unknown whether this might also appertain to individuals with other diseases. We therefore carried out this study to determine the effect of(More)
(18)F-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-glucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET) has been recently proposed as a promising cancer-screening test. However, the validity of FDG-PET in cancer screening has not been evaluated. We investigated the sensitivity of FDG-PET compared with upper gastric endoscopy in gastric cancer screening for asymptomatic individuals. A total(More)
AIM To evaluate the proportion of successful complete cure en-bloc resections of large colorectal polyps achieved by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). METHODS Studies using the EMR technique to resect large colorectal polyps were selected. Successful complete cure en-bloc resection was defined as one piece margin-free polyp resection. Articles were(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has emerged as one of the techniques to successfully resect large colonic polyps en bloc. Complete resection prevents the patient from going through transabdominal colonic resection. We sought to evaluate the proportion of successful en-bloc and complete cure en-bloc resection of large colonic polyps by ESD. Studies(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), tumor recurrence is not infrequent after resection. It is presumed that characteristics of the tumor such as cellular malignancy might influence the prognosis of the patients in association with tumor stage and radicality of the procedure. METHODS Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to(More)
AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed bowel preparation method for colon capsule endoscopy. METHODS A pilot, multicenter, randomized controlled trial compared our proposed "reduced volume method" (group A) with the "conventional volume method" (group B) preparation regimens. Group A did not drink polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution(More)