Yasuo Iwadate

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OBJECT The diagnostic usefulness of (11)C-methionine PET scans in gliomas is still controversial. The authors investigated the clinical significance of (11)C-methionine PET findings in preoperative diagnosis of histological type and grade. METHODS The tissue uptake of (11)C-methionine was assessed using PET in 70 patients with histologically confirmed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of staged stereotactic radiotherapy with a 2-week interfraction interval for unresectable brain metastases more than 10 cm(3) in volume. PATIENTS AND METHODS Subjects included 43 patients (24 men and 19 women), ranging in age from 41 to 84 years, who had large brain metastases (> 10 cc in volume). Primary(More)
To narrow down the putative tumor-suppressor gene locus and to assess the predictability of clinical courses by genomic alterations, we analyzed 46 oligodendroglial tumors for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the distal region of the short arm of chromosome 1. LOH at 1p was found in 43 tumors (93.5%), including all 28 oligodendrogliomas, all eight(More)
PURPOSE Sendai virus (SeV), a murine parainfluenza virus type I, replicates independent of cellular genome and directs high-level gene expressions when used as a viral vector. We constructed a nontransmissible recombinant SeV vector by deleting the matrix (M) and fusion (F) genes from its genome (SeV/DeltaMDeltaF) to enhance its safety. We also estimated(More)
OBJECT The authors analyzed the effectiveness of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for metastatic brain tumors without adjuvant prophylactic whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). Salvage GKS was performed as the sole treatment for new distant lesions. METHODS Among 1127 patients in whom new brain metastases had been diagnosed, 97 who met one or more of the following(More)
Akt/Protein kinase B (PKB) is a common downstream molecule of Ras signaling essential for cell survival. In an attempt to find a novel prognostic marker of diffuse astrocytoma, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of Akt/PKB with regard to patient survival and regrowth patterns. Twenty-four adult patients with diffuse astrocytoma were similarly(More)
Invasion into surrounding normal brain and resistance to genotoxic therapies are the main devastating aspects of glioblastoma (GBM). These biological features may be associated with the stem cell phenotype, which can be induced through a dedifferentiation process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We show here that tumor cells around(More)
The biological features of gliomas, which are characterized by highly heterogeneous biological aggressiveness even in the same histological category, would be precisely described by global gene expression data at the protein level. We investigated whether proteome analysis based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser(More)
The survival of patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) has been improved by high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX). Since the combination therapy of HD-MTX and whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) carries a significant risk for delayed neurotoxicity, it is important to know the therapeutic potential and prognostic factors for HD-MTX without WBRT. We retrospectively(More)
PURPOSE GH replacement therapy is required in the majority of children with GH deficiency after treatment of sellar and suprasellar tumors. Owing to the high cell proliferative ability of human GH (hGH), its influence on tumor recurrence has been debated. We retrospectively studied the immunohistochemical expression of the GH receptor in various tumor(More)