Yasunori Sera

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To investigate the relationships between serum concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules and hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, or other conventional risk factors in type 2 diabetes, we measured soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin (sE-selectin), insulin sensitivity, and conventional(More)
AIMS To clarify the correlation between serum concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules and diabetic microangiopathy or macroangiopathy in patients with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS Patients with diabetic retinopathy and intima-media thickness of common carotid artery (CCA-IMT) < 1.1 mm were classified as the microangiopathy group (n = 62). Patients with(More)
Recently, the association of CTLA4 gene polymorphism with type 1 diabetes and AITD has been reported in several populations. CTLA4 was originally reported to regulate T-cell activity and T-B cognate interaction. To investigate the role of CTLA4 in autoimmune diseases, we examined the correlation between CTLA4 gene polymorphism and the clinical(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The authors surgically treated seven of eight patients with congenital portosystemic shunt and hyperammonemia. This entity is uncommon in children. METHODS The patients included five boys and three girls with a mean age of 8 years (range, 7 months to 24 years). Preoperative symptoms included hyperammonemia. Hepatic encephalopathy was(More)
Three Japanese brothers with progressive deterioration of hepatic function and fatty degeneration of the liver eventually leading to hepatic encephalopathy were recently encountered. Each of them had a congenital intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt due to a patent ductus venosus. Liver dysfunction and hepatic steatosis reverted to normal with surgical(More)
We report two cases with congenital portosystemic shunt who developed renal lesions without liver cirrhosis. Clinically, both cases showed proteinuria and mild hematuria at 9 and 6 years of age, respectively. In one case, the renal lesion was associated with normal renal function, but nephrotic syndrome followed by chronic renal failure were noted in the(More)
Serum concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules, eg, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, little is known about the role of obesity or abnormal fat distribution in inducing upregulation of adhesion molecules. To investigate this(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) with a half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE) sequence as a noninvasive imaging technique to evaluate biliary or pancreatic disease in young children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We prospectively examined 45 children (mean age, 3 years) with(More)
Most neuroblastoma identified by mass screening are clearly different from the clinically diagnosed tumors with respect to biology, epidemiology, and outcome. Because the neuroblastomas detected by mass screening have favorable biological features (97% survival rate at 5 years), aggressive surgery may not be appropriate for such tumors. Laparoscopic(More)
AIM The mode of onset is occasionally similar in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some patients with Type 2 diabetes are positive for antiglutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GAD Ab). We investigated the contribution of Type 1 diabetes susceptibility genes to the progression of the insulin-deficient state and mode of onset of Type 2 diabetes in GAD(More)