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Stems and branches of angiosperm trees form tension wood (TW) when exposed to a gravitational stimulus. One of the main characteristics of TW, which distinguishes it from normal wood, is the formation of fibers with a thick inner gelatinous cell wall layer mainly composed of crystalline cellulose. Hence TW is enriched in cellulose, and deficient in lignin(More)
BACKGROUND We have developed genomic tools to allow the genus Populus (aspens and cottonwoods) to be exploited as a full-featured model for investigating fundamental aspects of tree biology. We have undertaken large-scale expressed sequence tag (EST) sequencing programs and created Populus microarrays with significant gene coverage. One of the important(More)
In response to environmental variation, angiosperm trees bend their stems by forming tension wood, which consists of a cellulose-rich G (gelatinous)-layer in the walls of fiber cells and generates abnormal tensile stress in the secondary xylem. We produced transgenic poplar plants overexpressing several endoglycanases to reduce each specific polysaccharide(More)
A genetic transformation procedure for Cryptomeria japonica was developed after co-cultivation of embryogenic tissues with the disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58/pMP90, which harbours the visual reporter gene sgfp and two selectable marker genes, hpt and nptII. We were able to generate eight and three independent transgenic lines per gram of(More)
Suspension-cultured poplar (Populus alba) cells produce two distinct endo-1,4-beta-glucanases, one of which is released in the extracellular culture medium and the other localized in their walls. Two cDNA clones, PopCel1 and PopCel2, isolated from a poplar cDNA library, encode the extracellular and the wall-bound endo-1, 4-beta-glucanases, respectively,(More)
Sucrose (Suc) synthase (SuSy) is believed to function in channeling UDP-Glc from Suc to various beta-glucan synthases. We produced transgenic poplars (Populus alba) overexpressing a mutant form (S11E) of mung bean (Vigna radiata) SuSy, which appeared in part in the microsomal membranes of the stems. Expression of SuSy in these membranes enhanced the(More)
A wall-bound endo-1, 4-beta-glucanase (EC 3.2.1.4) was obtained from a preparation of the cell walls of suspension-cultured poplar cells and purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by cation-exchange, hydrophobic, and gel-filtration chromatography. The molecular mass was estimated to be 47 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 48 kDa by gel filtration on Superdex 200 pg. The(More)
Poplar calli transcribed two cellulase (endo-1,4-beta-glucanase) genes, PopCel1 and PopCel2, whose mRNAs were differentially located in the growing leaves of poplar during cell wall synthesis. Histochemical and RT-PCR analyses of promoter-GUS fusion gene activities in transgenic poplar demonstrated that PopCel1 promoter-derived GUS activity was localized in(More)
© 2004 Andersson et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL. A transcriptional timetable of autumn senescence We have developed genomic tools to allow the genus(More)
The cbnA gene encoding chlorocatechol dioxygenase from the soil bacterium Ralstonia eutropha NH9 under the control of a modified cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter was introduced into a hybrid poplar (Populus tremula x P. tremuloides). Integration of the cbnA gene in transgenic poplar was confirmed by PCR and genomic Southern blot analysis. Expression of(More)
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