Yasunori Momose

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Sevoflurane can induce prolongation of the cardiac QT interval by inhibiting the repolarization phase of the action potential. This may occur as a result of inhibition of the human ether-a-go-go related gene (HERG) channel. To clarify the mechanisms of anesthetics on HERG channels, we monitored the electrocardiogram and measured QT intervals in the guinea(More)
Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist that is metabolized to pilocarpic acid by serum esterase. In this study, we discovered a novel metabolite in human urine after the oral administration of pilocarpine hydrochloride, and we investigated the metabolic enzyme responsible for the metabolite formation. The structure of the metabolite was identified as(More)
INTRODUCTION Intracellular Ca(2+) is essential to many signal transduction pathways, and its level is tightly regulated by the Ca(2+) extrusion system in the plasma membrane, which includes the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX). Although expression of NCX1 isoforms has been demonstrated in odontoblasts, the detailed properties of NCX remain to be clarified. In(More)
To develop beta2-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonists with higher selectivity, it is essential to evaluate the cardiac side effects which are the most serious side effects of this class of drugs. We studied receptor occupancy of beta1-ARs in rats as a possible cause for the side effect of beta2-AR agonists, namely myocardial fibrosis. Myocardial fibrosis in(More)
The detection of the reactive metabolites of drugs has recently been gaining increasing importance. In vitro trapping studies using trapping agents such as glutathione are usually conducted for the detection of reactive metabolites, especially those of cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism. In order to detect the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)-mediated(More)
AIM The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of acetaldehyde on the contractile force and membrane potentials and currents in the bullfrog heart. METHODS Contractile force was recorded using right atrial tissues, and membrane potentials and currents were measured by using whole cell patch clamp methods in right atrial myocytes. (More)
The direct actions of OPC-8490 on mammalian myocardium were examined by determination of the drug's effects on the action potentials of isolated guinea-pig single ventricular cells and on the underlying ionic currents. OPC-8490 (106 to 104 M) did not alter the resting membrane potential, but rather produced a dose-dependent prolongation of the duration of(More)
BACKGROUND Functionalized fullerenes, such as polyhydroxy fullerenes (PHF), have attracted particular attention due to their water solubility and their potential application in tumor imaging and therapy as carbon nanomaterials. In this study, the sonodynamically-induced antitumor effect of PHF was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To establish structural equation model (SEM) of subjected quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients taking into account qualification of pharmacists. METHOD The SEM model was constructed from correlation matrix of the scores of answers of questions to both patients and pharmacists. Data were collected from 15 cancer patients who hospitalized and(More)
OBJECTIVE Pilocarpine is metabolized to pilocarpic acid by plasma esterase and to 3-hydroxypilocarpine by CYP2A6. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of interindividual differences in pilocarpine pharmacokinetics after oral administration and to investigate the possible involvement of genetic polymorphisms of CYP2A6. METHODS The(More)