Yasunori Kasahara

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STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional comparison. OBJECTIVE The mortality rate is higher in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), and one major cause is cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the general population, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of CVD, and abdominal obesity is a major feature. Adipokines, secreted by adipose(More)
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by complex precapillary arteriolar lesions, which contain phenotypically altered smooth muscle (SM) and endothelial cells (EC). We have demonstrated that VEGF receptor blockade by SU5416 {3-[(2,4-dimethylpyrrol-5-yl)methylidenyl]-indolin 2-one} in combination with chronic hypoxia causes severe(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is associated with rapid decline in lung function, poorer health-related quality-of-life outcomes, and frequent exacerbations, compared to COPD alone. Although the numbers of patients with ACOS have increased, there is little established evidence regarding diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by intravascular thrombus formation in the pulmonary arteries.Recently, it has been shown that a myofibroblast cell phenotype was predominant within endarterectomized tissues from CTEPH patients. Indeed, our recent study demonstrated the existence of not only(More)
OBJECTIVE The C825T polymorphism in the G protein β3 subunit gene (GNB3) influences the efficacy of sildenafil in patients with erectile dysfunction. The effects of this polymorphism on the therapeutic response to sildenafil in patients with pulmonary hypertension remains unknown. To investigate whether the GNB3C825T polymorphism is associated with the(More)
A 20-year-old female diagnosed as idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension at 7 years of age was referred with worsening dyspnea and chest pain. Several imaging studies and right cardiac catheterization showed multiple stenoses in the peripheral pulmonary arteries with severe pulmonary hypertension and multiple systemic arterial stenoses lacking in(More)
BACKGROUND The COPD assessment test (CAT) score is a key component of the multifactorial assessment of COPD in the Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines of 2014. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the differences among COPD categories in terms of clinical parameters such as pulmonary function or radiological findings.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent advances in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) facilitate acquiring important clinical information for managing patients with COPD. MDCT can detect the loss of lung tissue associated with emphysema as a low-attenuation area (LAA) and the thickness of airways as the wall area percentage (WA%). The percentage of small pulmonary vessels(More)
Selective right pulmonary arteriography and 3-dimensional computed tomography revealed multiple severe stenoses of the peripheral pulmonary artery associated with poststenotic aneurysms in a 65-year-old woman. She was referred to the hospital for evaluation of dry cough, gradually increasing dyspnea and multiple nodular shadows on a chest radiograph.(More)
We used a PCR and sequence procedure to analyze the Ig V(H) gene and the mutations in the 5' regulatory regions of BCL-6 genes in pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, HIV-related, EBV-related, and virus-negative lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP)). Eight of 20 (40%) pulmonary MALT lymphoma and 10(More)