Yasunori Kasahara

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RATIONALE Acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation occurring in association with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies (autoimmune PAP) or as a consequence of another disease (secondary PAP). Because PAP is rare, prior reports were based on limited patient(More)
We have previously demonstrated that a failure of pulmonary endothelial cell survival induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor blockade results in lung alveolar septal cell apoptosis and emphysema. Because apoptosis and oxidative stress may be pathobiologically linked, we hypothesized that oxidative stress has a central role in alveolar(More)
Consistent with the hypothesis that pulmonary epithelial apoptosis is the key to the acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), we conducted serological identification of Ags by recombinant expression cloning (SEREX) analysis using type II alveolar cell carcinoma (A549) cell lines to identify disease-related Abs. In a survey of Abs to the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by intravascular thrombus formation in the pulmonary arteries.Recently, it has been shown that a myofibroblast cell phenotype was predominant within endarterectomized tissues from CTEPH patients. Indeed, our recent study demonstrated the existence of not only(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is associated with rapid decline in lung function, poorer health-related quality-of-life outcomes, and frequent exacerbations, compared to COPD alone. Although the numbers of patients with ACOS have increased, there is little established evidence regarding diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND It has been generally accepted that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) results from pulmonary embolism arising from deep vein thrombosis. An unresolved question regarding the etiology of CTEPH is why pulmonary thromboemboli are stable and resistant to effective anticoagulation. Recently non-resolving pulmonary thromboemboli in(More)
RATIONALE Inhaled granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a promising therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) but has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVES To evaluate safety and efficacy of inhaled GM-CSF in patients with unremitting or progressive PAP. METHODS We conducted a national, multicenter, self-controlled, phase(More)
BACKGROUND The predominance of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in females and association of HLA-B*5201 with CTEPH have been reported in Japan. However, the clinical characteristics of female CTEPH remain uncertain. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the clinical phenotype of female CTEPH in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS The(More)
This study was designed to determine the effects of the treatment schedule on the interaction between cisplatin and radiation. Cells of a human squamous cell lung cancer cell line were treated with cisplatin and radiation using three treatment protocols: 1-h exposure to cisplatin immediately followed by irradiation (A), 4-day continuous exposure to(More)
In general, intravascular thrombus formation in the pulmonary arteries is considered to be the most common cause of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The current mainstay of therapy for patients with CTEPH is pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). Recently, the existence of myofibroblast-like cells in(More)