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RATIONALE Acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation occurring in association with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies (autoimmune PAP) or as a consequence of another disease (secondary PAP). Because PAP is rare, prior reports were based on limited patient(More)
This study was designed to determine the effects of the treatment schedule on the interaction between cisplatin and radiation. Cells of a human squamous cell lung cancer cell line were treated with cisplatin and radiation using three treatment protocols: 1-h exposure to cisplatin immediately followed by irradiation (A), 4-day continuous exposure to(More)
We have previously demonstrated that a failure of pulmonary endothelial cell survival induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor blockade results in lung alveolar septal cell apoptosis and emphysema. Because apoptosis and oxidative stress may be pathobiologically linked, we hypothesized that oxidative stress has a central role in alveolar(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is associated with rapid decline in lung function, poorer health-related quality-of-life outcomes, and frequent exacerbations, compared to COPD alone. Although the numbers of patients with ACOS have increased, there is little established evidence regarding diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by repeated oxygen desaturation. Obesity and visceral fat accumulation (VFA) are risk factors for the development of OSAHS. Circulating leptin increases in accordance with body mass index (BMI), and under experimental conditions intermittent hypoxia stimulates leptin production.(More)
RATIONALE Inhaled granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a promising therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) but has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVES To evaluate safety and efficacy of inhaled GM-CSF in patients with unremitting or progressive PAP. METHODS We conducted a national, multicenter, self-controlled, phase(More)
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by complex precapillary arteriolar lesions, which contain phenotypically altered smooth muscle (SM) and endothelial cells (EC). We have demonstrated that VEGF receptor blockade by SU5416 {3-[(2,4-dimethylpyrrol-5-yl)methylidenyl]-indolin 2-one} in combination with chronic hypoxia causes severe(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical indication for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been modified due to recognition of peripheral type CTEPH and changes in surgical methods and skill. Bosentan and sildenafil are used as modern oral therapy (mod Tx) in patients with inoperable CTEPH, although it remains unknown whether they have positive(More)
BACKGROUND It has been generally accepted that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) results from pulmonary embolism arising from deep vein thrombosis. An unresolved question regarding the etiology of CTEPH is why pulmonary thromboemboli are stable and resistant to effective anticoagulation. Recently non-resolving pulmonary thromboemboli in(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and visceral fat accumulation (VFA) are risk factors for the development of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), and a subgroup of OSAHS patients acquire hypoventilation. Circulating leptin, an adipocyte-derived signaling factor, increases in accordance with body mass index (BMI); under experimental conditions, leptin(More)